The Problem of Using Strong’s Concordance Dictionary ~ Greek Words ~ Word Studies ~ and Greek Dictionaries

(Major Revision ~ 06/20/2016)

James Strong

James Strong

Strong’s Concordance and Dictionary
One thing that many believers do concerning the handling of Greek words is use Strong’s Concordance’s Dictionary to translate Greek words – this is not only a fundamental error, but can lead to devastating conclusions regarding the misunderstanding of many Greek words.  

Greeks Roots 2

Language Roots
This is because Strong’s dictionary is not specific to any particular word within any particular passage, it is generic based only upon Greek roots, and cannot be used in word studies of any Greek words found in the Greek New Testament.

It is in understanding that the Koiné (“common”) Greek language uses many cognates (see Footnote #1) which in spite of utilizing the same root words, derive diverse meanings based upon the grammar; especially verbs concerning their tense, voice, and mood.

All languages combine words to express diverse meaning, wherein the Greek language abounds in this practice.  This is what makes the effort to record a concordance of every book in the Bible so difficult.  

As stated in the preface to Strong’s concordance and dictionary, his dictionary is a root dictionary wherein many words are not actually spelled as listed in their root meaning when you look them up in a Greek New Testament.  

This difficulty is noted when utilizing an interlinear where the English words are recorded beneath the Greek text, giving the reader the opportunity to see the exact spelling of any specific word used, which a majority of the time is different than found in Strong’s root dictionary.   (Please see Endnote #2

I have used the word root to make the point obvious that this Greek dictionary was never meant to be a specific dictionary concerning precise words and their exact meaning, which is determined within the passage wherein the parsing of the exact word and is noted because of the diverse spelling concerning such tools as prefix and suffix, and the grammatical breakdown of the verbs into their delineation, as well as the case forms, of which there are five; nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, or dative.

If a concordance was assembled, which listed all the variances of all the words to their exact meaning within just the Greek New Testament, it would be hundreds of thousands of pages long because of the diversity of words from their original root meaning to the specific meaning of that word with in a specific passage.  

Therefore, a manageable concordance could only be based upon the root words, but as James Strong says himself in his preface, his dictionary was never meant for Word study.

Word study by its very nature must break down passages according to their delineation which is specific to that passage alone, meaning that a concordance would have to list many individual passages, since a majority of words are changed in their spelling from one passage to the next.  

The deviations may be slight in most cases, but the ramifications can be enormous.

Example ~ Judgment
Because of the diversity of combining words and the slightly different spellings wherein there may be over a half a dozen different Greek words, such as the word “judge,” which is translated into only one English word, but has a range of meaning from judging unto condemnation, which is condemned in the Bible and only allowed for the creator God to do, as compared to discernment like when Paul chides the Corinthians for not being able to exercise proper biblical judgment.  

Scales & Cross & Purple Robe & Bible outwights everything

How often do we hear Christians misquote Scriptures concerning judging, advising others to NOT judge them, even as they openly sin, which is the opposite that is taught in God’s Word?  

For example, the first chapter of Romans is inaccurately used to tell Christians not to judge, when the immediate biblical context is speaking about unbelievers judging others, not believers.  

There are more warnings to exercise proper biblical judgment by far than warnings not to judge.

In many passages the subject cautions against judging regarding the manner or mindset of judging, or the spiritual state of the individual making the observation.  We are NOT told to NOT point out a “speck in our brothers eye,” but to make sure that we deal with the beam in our own eye first.  

Discernment 3

Discernment is a requirement for human existence, but even more so for a born-again believer.  It’s not merely knowing  the difference between good and evil, it is also avoiding the rationalization that moves us from good to evil via shades of grey.  Many times the enemy of the good is not evil, but second best, when it takes pre-eminence over what is best.  

The Reason for a Lack of Discernment
Yet, because we have ONLY one English word for “judge,” as compared to the half a dozen in the Greek New Testament, the word “judgement” as used in the English translations is misused and misunderstood; and now we have a whole generation of believers that misunderstand God’s command for us to discern the world around us to the extent that now believers live milquetoast lives because of their inability to exercise godly judgment as seen in Hebrews 5:11-14, where the writer of the book of Hebrews connects the fact that believers cannot indulge in the meat of the word of God because they refused to exercise proper biblical judgment over good and evil, and therefore can only stand the milk of the word.

King James Translation (KJV)

Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing. For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.”  (Hebrews 5:11-14 ~ KJV) 

Literal Translation of the Holy Bible (LITV)

Concerning whom we have much discourse, and hard to interpret, or to speak, since you have come to be dull in the hearings. For indeed because of the time you are due to be teachers, yet you need to have someone to teach you again the rudiments of the beginning of the Words of God, and you came to be having need of milk, and not of solid food; for everyone partaking of milk is without experience in the Word of Righteousness, for he is an infant. But solid food is for those full grown, having exercised the faculties through habit, for distinction of both good and bad.”  (Hebrews 5:11-14 ~ Literal Translation of the Holy Bible [LITV], By: Jay P. Green, Sr., who only uses Textus Receptus or Majority Text.)

Lexham English Bible (LEB)

Advanced Teaching Hindered by Immaturity
Concerning this [a] we have much to say and it is difficult to explain [b], since you have become sluggish in hearing. For indeed, although you [c] ought to be teachers by this time [d], you have need of someone to teach you again the beginning elements of the oracles of God, and you have need of [e] milk, not [f] solid food. For everyone who partakes of milk is unacquainted with the message of righteousness, because he is an infant. But solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have trained their faculties for the distinguishing of both good and evil.” (Hebrews 5:11-14 ~ Lexham English Bible [LEB], By: Logos Bible Software)

Footnotes:
a: Hebrews 5:11 Literally “which”
b: Hebrews 5:11 Literally “great for us the message and hard to explain to say”
c: Hebrews 5:12 Here “although” is supplied as a component of the participle (“ought”) which is understood as concessive”
d: Hebrews 5:12 Literally “because of the time”
e: Hebrews 5:12 Literally “you are having need of”
f: Hebrews 5:12 Some manuscripts have “and not”

This great misunderstanding has created more false doctrine in churches because we have used root dictionaries to define words within a passage, which do not give us the exact meaning of God’s will concerning that word as seen in Greek or Hebrew word studies.

Ministers Using Strong’s Dictionary
I cannot tell you of how many times I have heard ministers using definitions of Greek words from Strong’s dictionary, and doing so incorrectly as opposed to actually doing the hard work of parsing the Greek and learning how to do so correctly.  

Strong’s is never meant to be preached from.  It is meant to locate passages in the Bible if you know only one word in that passage, but even many of the current hybrid Strong’s Greek dictionaries still display the same problem with presenting only root words.  

Ministers should be using only Greek New Testaments, or excellent Word Studies that go into great depth, and even Vines doesn’t hold up to this standard many times.  

Strong’s contribution, which utilized over a 100 contributors is a fantastic tool in locating passages, especially understanding when it was created over 100 years ago before the use of computers.  

And the dictionaries in the back are only meant to be a general guide, which he notes in the preface, that no one ever reads; explaining that it is a root dictionary.

James Strong was NOT a Linguist that understood Biblical Languages 
Though James Strong was a professor, he was NOT a professor in Greek or Hebrew, and was not fluent in these languages, he received nothing but a summary introduction education in these languages.  And his credentials as a Doctorate of theology are only honorary; even though he became a professor of Biblical Literature and Exegetical Theology at Troy University and Drew theological seminary in New York.  

It appears that his highest earned degree was a Masters (Not in biblical languages, but generic in theology), wherein he was the valedictorian of his graduating class.  He was given (Not earned) three honors doctorates (Dr. of Divinity, Dr. of sacred theology, and Dr. of laws) degrees (not based upon academia, studies; meaning they were NOT earned), because of his reputation as a professor and his writings; none concerning biblical language.

fake-diploma1

SIDENOTE:
There are a lot of ministers that place Dr. before their name when they have been given Doctor of Divinity (D.D.) degrees, not earned degrees; meaning they are fake!

Doctor of Divinity (D.D.) degrees in England are earned degrees, which is an advanced doctorate degree rarely given.  In America, this is an honorary degree given usually by a religious organization or institution, but is not an earned degree.  Individuals who put Dr. in front of their name are committing a fraud in that people will believe that they earned a doctorate degree, when they have not, it was merely GIVEN to them.  

When a church, denomination, or religious organization makes a minister a Bishop they will commonly give them a Doctorate of Divinity (This is starting to be seen in many churches, where they love to address their pastor as doctor… .  Where many honorary degrees abound, as well as the use of the term “Bishop,” used for pastors; all done as opposed to Matthew 23:1-12.) in recognition of their position, but never earned.  How we love titles.  

No record exists that James Strong majored in biblical languages, or received a degree in this specialized training concerning linguistics for either Hebrew or Greek. 

Work out your Salvation

PERSONAL NOTE: 
I made the mistake of utilizing Strong’s for many years while preaching. It is this kind of mistake that leads to the teaching that man is instrumental in his own salvation when dealing with Scripture such as Philippians 2:12, which states:

Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.(KJV)

Without understanding the original Greek language I along with many others believed that I had to add to my salvation in some capacity, to “work it out.”

Yet now that I understand the Greek, I understand the difference between the English phrasing of this word in the Greek. In the Greek it means to come to understand what has been done, it would be synonymous to a teacher working out the formula of a math problem, doing the work himself, then telling the child to work out how he did it, and how he came to his conclusion on their own.

The purpose would be to understand the price that was paid for the conclusion. This is why the passage states that concerning our salvation we should do so with “fear and trembling.” Understanding that to purchase our salvation it cost the most expensive fee in all of existence, the blood of a sinless peer being, the blood of God’s Son, God Himself Jesus Christ to pay the price for our sins.

We did nothing whatsoever to deserve salvation, we are not even saved by faith. We are saved by grace, yet faith is a necessary vehicle to access that grace, if you don’t receive it it’s because you don’t believe it, yet faith is not a condition of receiving, it is the method of receiving.

Salvation is based solely on the work of Jesus Christ on the cross 2000 years ago, it is this that Paul tells us to work out and understand so that we comprehend the seriousness of sin. Sin is so devastating that the only thing that could balance the scales is complete righteousness, the complete righteousness of Jesus Christ taking our place in pain for our sins, this always brings me to a place of fear in understanding the devastation of sin and a complete and utter respect of how far God was willing to go to pay for that sin.

I did not learn this lesson until I light understood the Greek grammar of these words.

If anything makes this ministry different than others, it is because I am obsessed with the Greek grammar of the word of God, the very language that God chose to convey this most precious message to mankind, the gospel of Jesus Christ, wherein God’s only begotten son, the incarnate deity and God who came down to pay for our sins. Generically, the sixth thing that Jesus said from the cross, generically is interpreted, “it is finished.” Yet specifically the Greek means “paid in full,” or recompense and full. Many would ask the difference in these two understandings.

I’ve heard many people that are not believers say that Jesus was a good teacher, and with this mindset could say that when he said it is finished he was referring to his teaching. Or perhaps he was referring to giving up his life.

Jesus teaching is important but it is not the primary reason for his incarnation, because without his death his teaching would do us no good, we might become more moral people but we would still go to hell.

When Jesus said paid in full he was referring to the gospel, the good news as defined in 1st Corinthians 15:1-4, which states:

Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures(KJV)

The Gospel is not the teachings of Jesus.

The Gospel is the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ who did so to purchase our salvation by paying for our sins, bracketed between the comment “according to the Scriptures,” indicating that these three components of the gospel our primary and taught throughout the old and New Testament. It is understanding the Greek, that over two decades ago I came to understand, Jesus, more than for gave me, He “paid my sins in full.”

There is nothing that I can add to my own salvation he did 100% of it, it is simply my pleasure to accept it by believing it, and thus live a life of faith and trust in him, never taking for granted the power of sin, understanding how much he paid to purchase me because of it.

This is what knowing the Greek grammar means to an individual who wishes to teach God’s word, not generically regurgitating what a root dictionary states.

Preface

Strong’s Preface to the Dictionary

Hebrew Preface:

“This work, although prepared as a companion to the exhaustive concordance, to which it is specifically adapted, is here paged and printed so that it can be bound separately, in the belief that a brief and simple dictionary of the biblical Hebrew and Chaldee will be useful to students and others, who do not care at all times to consult a more precise and elaborate lexicon; and it will be particularly serviceable to many who are unable to turn conveniently and rapidly, amid the perplexities and details of foreign characters with which the pages of Genesis and Fϋrst bristol, to the fundamental and essential points of information that they are seeking. Even scholars will find here, not only all of a strictly verbal character which they most frequently want in ordinary consultation of a lexicon, but numerous original suggestions, relations, and distinction, commonly made and clearly put, which are not unworthy of their attention, especially in the affinities of roots and the classification of meanings…  The design of the volume, being purely lexical, does not include grammatical, archaeological, or exegetical details, which would have swelled its size and encumbered its plan.

Greek Preface:

This work is entirely similar an origin, method, and design, to the authors Hebrew dictionary, and may be employed separately, for a corresponding purpose and with a like result, namely, to be serviceable to many who have not the wish or the ability to use a more capricious lexicon of the Greek New Testament. In this case also even scholars will find many suggestions and explanations not unworthy of their attention”

As has been stated in his defense, James Strong never contributed original research. The term original research has to do with defining words terms and insights as compared to restating passages as is done in a concordance.  A concordance is a guide that list individual words to be found in the Bible, by its very nature it is not an original research work, utilizing rules of literature or science in defining or presenting hypothesis or conclusions.  What the writers did was categorize English words in the English translation of the Old and New Testaments alphabetically as a guide to their location within these volumes – their purpose was never to define words, or prescribed two or teach doctrine or theology, a concordance is a book of lists.

Strong’s Concordance is a fantastic tool. But it must be used as it was meant, as a concordance, not a Greek word study

Spiros Zodhiates

So Who Do We Use for Greek Word Study Guides
One of the best layman Greek Word Studies, meaning that the author defines the words without explaining the delineation of the verb, such as: the tense, mood, voice, gender, and number; or the case of the noun or other grammatical nuances; is found in The Complete Word Study New Testament along with the other dictionaries and parallel Bibles within this series.

Better Yet
However, as good as utilizing Greek word studies can be, this still only displays a partial understanding of any specific word without going into the details of the grammar itself.

The next step in gaining greater understanding of Greek words wherein the student of the Bible digs even deeper into the language is in regards to parsing the delineations as stated above (The verb, such as: the tense, mood, voice, gender, and number; or the case of the noun or other grammatical nuances;).  This is the level that the teacher of God’s word should be at in order to thoroughly equip (“All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.” (2 Timothy 3:16-17 ~ KJV), the saints of God regarding the whole counsel of God concerning His Word (“For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God. Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.”  Acts 20:27-28 ~ KJV).   In order to attempt this please email me and I will suggest further tools for greater examination at this level.  The final step in attempting to master the Greek New Testament language and grammar is to become completely fluent in the written and spoken word of classical and Koiné Greek language

The Complete Word Study New Testament
The excellent Greek translation work done by Spiros Zodhiates TH. D; is by far a great tool for the biblical layman.  

Spiros earned his doctorate degree (achieved) in University after many years of study in the Greek language.

He is fluent in writing and speaking in Classical and Koiné Greek, and also has spoken Greek all his life as a native of Greece. 

He translates words based upon the specific Scripture, where the differences of how a word is translated is based upon the grammar of the verbs in that particular usage in the context wherein each usage of the word can be completely diverse from another. 

This can be verified by a Greek New Testament Bible (I reference only the Textus Receptus Greek New Testament – See Endnote #3).

This is why the diligent student of Greek never utilizes Strong’s Concordance’s Dictionary for translation work because it only utilizes generic – root words without their specific meaning as found only in the text is used.

Strong’s was never meant to be an exhaustive Greek Dictionary, it was designed to give a general reference to the meaning of words utilized within his concordance, whose main purpose is to locate words in the Bible using an identification system which is common in most Greek translation work.  

TR Manuscript

(739)

“Textus Receptus wiki” website regarding Strong’s Concordance:

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, generally known as Strong’s Concordance, is a concordance of the King James Bible (KJV) that was constructed under the direction of Dr. James Strong (1822–1894) and first published in 1890. Dr. Strong was Professor of exegetical theology at Drew Theological Seminary at the time. It is an exhaustive cross-reference of every word in the KJV back to the word in the original text.

Unlike other Biblical reference books, the purpose of Strong’s Concordance is not to provide content or commentary about the Bible, but to provide an index to the Bible. This allows the reader to find words where they appear in the Bible. This index allows a student of the Bible to re-find a phrase or passage previously studied or to compare how the same topic is discussed in different parts of the Bible.

Strong’s Concordance includes:
The 8674 Hebrew root words used in the Old Testament. (Example: 582)
The 5624 Greek root words used in the New Testament. (Example: 3056)

James Strong did not construct Strong’s Concordance by himself; it was constructed with the effort of more than a hundred colleagues. It has become the most widely used concordance for the King James Bible.

Each original-language word is given an entry number in the dictionary of those original language words listed in the back of the concordance. These have become known as the “Strong’s numbers”. The main concordance lists each word that appears in the KJV Bible in alphabetical order with each verse in which it appears listed in order of its appearance in the Bible, with a snippet of the surrounding text (including the word in italics). Appearing to the right of scripture reference is the Strong’s number. This allows the user of the concordance to look up the meaning of the original language word in the associated dictionary in the back, thereby showing how the original language word was translated into the English word in the KJV Bible.

New editions of Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible are still in print (in 2007). Additionally, other authors have used Strong’s numbers in concordances of other Bible translations, such as the New International Version and American Standard Version. These are often also referred to as Strong’s Concordances.

Although the Greek words in Strong’s Concordance are numbered 1–5624, the numbers 2717 and 3203–3302 are unassigned due to “changes in the enumeration while in progress”. Not every distinct word is assigned a number, but only the root words. For example, αγαπησεις is assigned the same number as αγαπατε — both are listed as 25 “αγαπαω”.

Strong’s Concordance is not a translation of the Bible nor is it intended as a translation tool. The use of Strong’s numbers is not a substitute for professional translation of the Bible from Hebrew and Greek into English by those with formal training in ancient languages and the literature of the cultures in which the Bible was written.

Since Strong’s Concordance identifies the original words in Hebrew and Greek, Strong’s Numbers are sometimes misinterpreted by those without adequate training to change the Bible from its accurate meaning simply by taking the words out of cultural context.

The use of Strong’s numbers does not consider figures of speech, metaphors, idioms, common phrases, cultural references, references to historical events, or alternate meanings used by those of the time period to express their thoughts in their own language at the time.

As such, professionals and amateurs alike must consult a number of contextual tools to reconstruct these cultural backgrounds.

Many scholarly Greek and Hebrew Lexicons (e.g., Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon, Thayer’s Greek Dictionary, and Vine’s Bible Dictionary) also use Strong’s numbers for cross-referencing, encouraging hermeneutical approaches to study.

(http://textus-receptus.com/wiki/Strong’s_Concordance)

Brent

Endnote:
1.  Cognates

“In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.[1] In etymology, the cognate category excludes doublets and loan words.[citation needed] The word cognate derives from the Latin noun cognatus, which means “blood relative”.[2]

Cognates do not need to have the same meaning, which may have changed as the languages developed separately. For example, consider English starve and Dutch sterven or Germansterben (“to die”); these three words all derive from the same Proto-Germanic root, *sterbaną (“die”). English dish and German Tisch (“table”), with their flat surfaces, both come from Latindiscus, but it would be a mistake to identify their later meanings as the same. Discus is from Greek δίσκος (from the verb δικεῖν “to throw”). A later and separate English reflex of discus, probably through medieval Latin desca, is desk (see OED s.v. desk).

Cognates also do not need to have obviously similar forms, e.g. English father, French père, and Armenian հայր (hayr) all descend directly from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr.

  1. Crystal, David, ed. (2011). “cognate”. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics (6th ed.). Blackwell Publishing. p. 104. ISBN 978-1-4443-5675-5. OCLC 899159900. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
    Jump up^”cognate”, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed.: “Latin cognātus: co-, co- +gnātus, born, past participle of nāscī, to be born.” Other definitions of the English word include “[r]elated by blood; having a common ancestor” and “[r]elated or analogous in nature, character, or function”.Crystal, David, ed. (2011). “cognate”. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics (6th ed.). Blackwell Publishing. p. 104. ISBN 978-1-4443-5675-5. OCLC 899159900. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  2. Jump up^”cognate”, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed.: “Latin cognātus: co-, co- +gnātus, born, past participle of nāscī, to be born.” Other definitions of the English word include “[r]elated by blood; having a common ancestor” and “[r]elated or analogous in nature, character, or function“.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognate
(From Brent:  To the purist in linguistics who would suggest that quoting Wikipedia is unprofessional, perhaps.  But when what is stated is correct, Wikipedia can present definitions much more concise and accurately than textbooks or journals with simple words that are much easier for us layman to understand.  Remember Einstein’s words: “Everything should be as simple as it can be, but not simpler” – Albert Einstein “A Scientist’s Defense of Art and Knowledge – of Lightness, Completeness and Accuracy.”)

2.  Strong’s Concordance & Dictionary – Root Words

Although the Greek words in Strong’s Concordance are numbered 1–5624 editions of Strong’s, the numbers 2717 and 3203–3302 are unassigned due to “changes in the enumeration while in progress”. Not every distinct word is assigned a number, but only the root words. For example, αγαπησεις is assigned the same number as αγαπατε – both are listed as Greek word #25 in Strong’s “αγαπαω”.

Strong’s Concordance is not a translation of the Bible nor is it intended as a translation tool. The use of Strong’s numbers is not a substitute for professional translation of the Bible from Hebrew and Greek into English by those with formal training in ancient languages and the literature of the cultures in which the Bible was written.

Since Strong’s Concordance identifies the original words in Hebrew and Greek, Strong’s numbers are sometimes misinterpreted by those without adequate training to change the Bible from its accurate meaning simply by taking the words out of cultural context. The use of Strong’s numbers does not consider figures of speech, metaphors, idioms, common phrases, cultural references, references to historical events, or alternate meanings used by those of the time period to express their thoughts in their own language at the time. As such, professionals and amateurs alike must consult a number of contextual tools to reconstruct these cultural backgrounds. Many scholarly Greek and Hebrew Lexicons (e.g., Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon, Thayer’s Greek Dictionary, and Vine’s Bible Dictionary) also use Strong’s numbers for cross-referencing, encouraging hermeneutical approaches to study.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strong%27s_Concordance

3.  Textus Receptus – clickable Links

I only use the Textus Receptus (Theopedia.com) for Greek word study meanings, there are too many thousands of deviations in the newer (Alexandrian type text) translations which do harm to the original meaning. The Textus Receptus, utilized for the King James Translation has known English translation errors that are understood, corrected, and do no fundamental damage to any doctrine, unlike the newer translations.

The New King James is not based upon the Textus Receptus (Wikipedia.com).  Read the introduction to the New King James Bible, it is written in the spirit of the King James Bible (Textus Receptus), but it is based upon Alexandrian codices, which many translators, including myself feel are corrupted when it is compared with the Textus Receptus (Chick.com), [See Footnote #4 below].

Textual Criticism is a complicated subject, where there are individuals which abuse forms of translation styles and formats, commonly referred to as Higher Criticism (newworldencyclopedia.org), which was created 200 years ago.  I am a follower of the teachers of the last few hundred years regarding Lower Criticism, which has been the standard of literature research and biblical criticism for the last 2000 years, beginning in the early writings of the second century and utilized in Antioch as the first Christian center of education regarding the gospel, under the leading of Lucian of Antioch (Britannica.com) [though vilified and belittled by the followers of Higher Criticism], who utilized those texts which were later made up the Textus Receptus.  For over 1300 years these documents had been used until they were codified in the authorized text.

Higher Criticism teaches that many of the books of the Bible were NOT written by the stated authors, and are not credible as an errant, such as the Deutero-Isaiah theory, or the Documentary Hypothesis of the Pentateuch, also known as the JEDP Theory.  Almost all of the newer critics that follow Higher Criticism (GotQuestions.com) do not believe in the complete inerrancy of the Bible, nor many believe in the inspiration of the holy writ as well. 

On the other side of the issue are those who referred to themselves as King James only purist who even go so far as to state that the English translation of the Textus Receptus, the King James is the only inspired word of God.   They go so far as to even indicate that the Textus Receptus and other original Greek language New Testaments are corrupted, while the translated into English version of the King James is pure and without any translational errors, which is quite ridiculous in itself.  

There are many of us that believe that the Textus Receptus may be the best Koiné Greek copies that we have, yet also value the other Byzantine texts as well, referred to as the Majority Text.

Textual Criticism, in the form of Higher Criticism is taught by almost all Christian schools of higher education, to their own shame.

4.  Lucian of Antioch

“Saint Lucian of Antioch, (born c. 240, Samosata, Commagene, Syria [now Samsat, Turkey]—died January 7, 312, Nicomedia, Bithynia, Asia Minor [now İzmit, Turkey]) Christian theologian-martyr who originated a theological tradition at Antioch that was noted for biblical linguistic scholarship and for a rationalist approach to Christian doctrine.

In his principal work, Lucian analyzed the Greek text of both the Old and New Testaments, creating a tradition of manuscripts known as the Lucianic Byzantine, or Syrian, text. Until the development of 19th-century biblical criticism, its clarity made it the common text. By comparative study of the Greek and Hebrew grammatical styles in their Semitic background, Lucian proposed to limit the symbolical interpretation characteristic of the Alexandrian (Egyptian) allegorical tradition by emphasizing the primacy of the literal sense, whether expressed directly or metaphorically.”  

[These Alexandrian Codices, now referred to as Eclectic Manuscripts are the basis of almost all of the newer translations over the past 128 years, since Westcott and Hort legitimized Higher Criticism and made famous the use of Alexandrian manuscripts as the standard of modern textual criticism, dethroning lower criticism which had been utilized for over 1800 years concerning Bible transmission and translation.  By Brent]

Encyclopedia Britannica (http://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Lucian-of-Antioch)

This teaching is not without controversy, as Westcott and Hort, and those committed to the Alexandrian Codex and Higher Criticism have attacked the idea that Lucian’s collection of Koiné Greek Byzantine manuscripts was in common use prior to the 14th century, and thus used as the foundation for the Textus Receptus; most prominent antagonist of this hypothesis is German Roman Catholic theologian Thomas Böhm, who writes:

“an effort has been made to discover a Lucianic recension of the LXX and the NT Koine, which formed the basis of the textus receptus. But, for one thing, the criteria are unclear for determining how this recension could have been made by Lucian (the relationship to the Hexapla is also unclear). For another, what is regarded as typical of Lucian can be seen prior to Lucian (Philo, Josephus, Clement Alex., papyri of the 1st and 2nd c., etc.). The effort to find a Lucianic recension must be regarded as a failure.” (Dictionary of Early Christian Literature, pp. 388-389) 

T. Böhm’s comments are disputed by many, and at variance with fourth and fifth century church writers, wherein Lucian’s work on the Septuagint and Koiné Greek New Testament is not in question, but considered a fact due to the preponderance of witnesses, wherein questioning the criteria of Lucian’s work in both of these works is ridiculous.

When a large preponderance of credible witnesses attributes a written work to Lucian of Antioch, one should come to the conclusion that one speculation does not outweigh the preponderance of evidence given by these individuals.    Simply stating that IF there is no proof of how someone did something, because you do not understand how they did it, is not evidence against the claim that it was done by that person.

And secondly, simply because Lucian may have constructed or presented words, expressions, sentences, or written works in the same style as a previous writer of great fame, perhaps even quoting them or coming to the same conclusions concerning a translation, does not disqualify what Lucian translated.

The point is, what is the most accurate translation, rather Josephus translated text correctly, or Clement, or any other writings; what should be of concern is the accuracy of that translation, not if others have come to the same conclusion prior to the work in question.

If you note a bias in my tone concerning T. Böhm’s work, it is because after having read much of what he has written, I find his own prejudice to be overwhelming, and his lack of investigative analysis to be immense, to the extent he holds no credibility with myself, and many others, even if he is highly acclaimed among those that adhere to Higher Criticism.

Speaking for myself, as a born again Protestant believer who holds to a literal translation of the Bible, I maintain conflicting views concerning many major theological doctrines with Thomas Böhm, a German Roman Catholic theologian lacking agreement with many of his German Roman Catholic views.

“The difference between ‘involvement’ and ‘commitment’
is like an eggs-and-ham breakfast:
the chicken was ‘involved’ – the pig was ‘committed’.”

9 comments

  1. […] necessitates understanding what the exact grammar that is used in any specific text (please see LINK for documentation of this regarding Strong’s Dictionary).  It should be understood that James […]

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  2. Cristina Almeida · ·

    I greet you by this means, thanking you for these important information that I have gathered to read carefully. Knowing that Dr James Strong was a liberal, I would like to, please, ask you the following question: in Dic Strong of the Greek, the term 4202 – used in Mt 5.32 and Mt 19.9, for example – is attributed, among others , the meaning of ‘adultery’; But in Matthew 15:19 and its parallel Mark 7:21, that term 4202 comes next to the term “adultery” itself, which denotes that this was not the meaning that Jesus attributed to the 4202. It may be that the DIC is including in the 4202 a Meaning that should not? Thank you very much – Cristina, Portugal, Lisbon

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  3. I’m sorry it’s taking me this long to reply, but I have been very busy setting up the ceo teachings studio in only have a few minutes. In Matthew 15:19, G4202 is translated four occasions as opposed to adultery, and G3430 is translated into the English adultery, both terms in the plural. The Greek words and grammar are listed below all along with strong’s numbering system which is valid, it’s his interpretation that goes beyond the extent of his work. His work was to locate words and do so he created numbering system which we still use today in its very valid. In the bottom group you’ll notice extra letters after the number which is the abbreviation of the grammar N-NPF.
    adulteriesG3430, fornicationsG4202,
    μοιχειαιG3430 N-NPF πορνειαιG4202 N-NPF

    The grammar is:
    N-NPF
    Part of Speech: Noun
    Case: Nominative (subject; predicate nominative)
    Number: Plural
    Gender: Feminine

    Part of the reason for the confusion may be the fact that the grammatical breakdown is the same, a specially regarding the gender.

    What I’m sane is that both these words are understood to be sexual sin and the generic sense. Yet in their specific meanings we have the diversity of sexual sense as fortification, which is any type of sexual send outside of marriage, and adultery, which is having sex with someone other than your legal husband and wife.

    It would help me if I understood the reason for the question and what you are leading to in order to help you understand on a greater level what you’re attempting to uncover.

    There seems to be no variance between these two words as far as their severity. Throughout the new testament these two words seem to hold the same weight as far as how bad the sin as. Yet at the same level beyond the specificity of the act when it comes to the consequences there’s usually quite a difference. With adultery you’re breaking up the union which god never meant to be broken up, you’re breaking the typology of the church in Christ, when its states that you make your children unclean it doesn’t mean that you make them simple but what you do if I put in them threw it to force has a death from Alla fact so the two words are not the same when it comes to the of fact it has on individuals within the family. God never stated he hated fortification, he did state he needed to force which in essence indicates a greater severity for him concerning adultery. It does affect more people and a much more negative manner.

    Please elaborate on what you’re looking four for attempting to connect or understand so I might be able to shed light in a more meaningful manner.

    Again it may take me a few days to get back to you but I will leave you in my inbox, which drives me crazy in affirms I will answer.

    Your brother in Christ, Brent

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  4. Cristina Almeida · ·

    Thank you very much for your answer and good will, i will avoid taking your time, being succint:

    In STRONG’S Dic I find that 4202 has 3 meanings:
    1-fornication (only involves unmarried),
    2-prostitution (includes married?),
    3-adultery (attributed only when involving a married person).

    But in ‘DIC Isidro Pereira’ in PT-GR mode, 4202 only means ‘1’, and in GR-PT mode it means ‘2’, but ‘1’ and ‘3’ does not appear.

    DICIONÁRIO PT-GR ISIDRO PEREIRA, S.J., 8ªED.1990

    Fornicação, s. f. πορνεία, ας, s. f.
    – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –
    Prostituição, s. f. προαγωγεία, ας, s. f.
    Adultério, s. m. μοιχεία, ας, s. f.

    DICIONÁRIO GR-PT ISIDRO PEREIRA, S.J., 8ªED.1990

    Mορνεία, ας, s. f. (πορνεύω) || prostituição || fig. idolatria
    – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –
    Mροαγωγεία, ας, s. f. (προ-άγω) prostituição
    Mοιχεία, ας, s. f. (μοιχός) adultério

    Therefore, it is difficult to define what the Lord Jesus wanted to say to us when affirmed Mt 5.32 and Mt 19.9 as to the only exception in which He authorizes divorce and the second marriage of the injured part of a couple of believers.

    As Strong is a ‘liberal’, he could have wanted to put ‘3’ in the DIC 4202 to induce that in this type of sin also be admitted the divorce and the 2nd marriage of the injured part of a couple of believers. However, there are churches that consider that ‘3’ does not allow divorce or the second marriage, but only separation to remain alone or reconcile.

    Well, this his a very difficult key to understand, for the church.
    I hope I have succeeded in making myself understood,
    and I thank you in advance for the kindness of an orientation based on your knowledge.

    My greetings. Cristina

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  5. Christina,
    I have sent to a word document of the following which has formatting which makes it easy to present the numbering system for “Strong’s Greek dictionaries numbering system” in the parentheses, yet much more and more to the “Strong’s TVM” (this stands for tense, voice, and mood. This is the grammatical breakdown of certain words listed using a secondary numbering system brackets so that the grammar of the understood. This is completely different than the room dictionaries that strong’s provides which only give generalized two very meanings of words not specific to the scripture lacking prefix and suffix is well as other grammatical insights).

    For those that have followed his conversation I will present the on formatted version below (the formatting will not carry over from word document)

    Christine this should answer your question. And remember on using voice recognition so please excuse any typos the program presents one this balance which I did not catch Your brother in Christ, BRENT

    Christina,
    I apologize for taking so long to giving your inquiry be honest time it needs to explain why various diversity, especially when you cross reference would seem to be the same locations.
    The number one rule when cross referencing his eat scripture stands alone and not at variance or reliance upon another scripture in another gospel.
    The reason why is because we don’t know even though the situations sound like they must be referring to the same thing if they truly are referring to the same event.
    For years I miss thought there was one purging of the temple, but actually there are two.
    If I allowed the two events which are similar but have anything diverse between them to make me think that there was inconsistency within god’s word it would be harmful to my faith in god’s work.
    Each passage should be taken in the context which is immediate, yet also in Biblical context which is to cross reference.
    Yet if there seems to be any inconsistency in the terms each scripture must stand on its own because we do not know that the situations are truly talking about the same events.
    Such as I believe there were two feeding of 5000.
    Remember what john said. He said that they would not be enough volumes to record all that Jesus did or said during his 3 ½ years of ministry.
    Joh 21:25 And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.

    So the first issue is that of continuity of cross referencing the same events.
    Each scriptures should basically stand on its own within its own context, yet also be validated by other scripture if it appears to do so.
    I think we’re gonna be surprised to find out how much Christ did during that 3 ½ years and how many things he did repeatedly.
    There is a principle within Biblical interpretation which understands that the more importantly subject is to god the more he speaks about, thus repetition is important, as seen in the following scripture.

    The Word of God – Repetition

    Philippians 3:1 – “Finally, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord. To write the same things to you, to me indeed is not grievous, but for you it is safe.”

    Titus 3:8 – “This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.”

    2 Peter 1:12-13 – “Wherefore I will not be negligent to put you always in remembrance of these things, though ye know them, and be established in the present truth. Yea, I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you up by putting you in remembrance;”

    2 Peter 3:1-2 – “This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance: That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour”

    Now to the second issue which is much more important.
    When somebody says that the scripture, singular says; there actually incorrect. In fact there completely incorrect. We do not have a single scripture that everyone refers too, we have a multitude of Greek new testaments which were assembled from hundreds if not thousands of other Greek text.
    People don’t realize that one dictionaries uses one Greek text or English translation of it that says something that is the verse from another dictionaries.
    I find this very hypocritical that an author does not tell his audience up front what source manuscripts of the Greek new testament he uses.
    That’s why many times you have such a diversity.
    It is also the reason I’ve spent four decades study which refer to as higher criticism, which I believe is evil, even though it is taught by every bible college and seminary these dates. It was not so a few decades ago.
    The main premise is that it does not believe that there is an inspired word of god that was given to man through the writings of the apostles in a Greek original text, they think of that is plural, but their thinking is that it is a manmade textual rather than originally divinely inspired.
    I follow the old school that was taught for 1800 years of which refer to as lower textual criticism.
    The higher questions which author wrote which, it doesn’t while the text to defend itself.
    Plus it is eclectic, meaning that they’ll take one part from one group of manuscripts of a few words in a passage and then take another few words from another completely different text to make the passage say what they think it should say.
    This makes them divine in their ability to decide what god meant.
    Higher criticism is evil even know what sound so logical away the present.
    Their first premise is that the oldest documents are correct as compared to newer ones.
    Which is not true if the older documents are corrupt and the newer ones are not.
    They also teach that Greek Textus Receptus is not accurate. This started in the 1800s with two scholars by the name of Westcott and Hort. Neither one of them believed in the divinity of Jesus Christ or his atoning death on the cross for our sins. They set the groundwork for what is now the standard of higher criticism which treats the bible like a man made book.
    All of our new translations are based upon this group of text that they put together that originate it from Alexandria Egypt, call the Alexandrian codex.
    There are 17 to 40 of these documents that they use to combine to come up with their own individual Greek new testaments.
    I follow the Greek Textus Receptus only. This was used in the eventual translation into what we call the King James authorized version.
    Again everyone puts these documents downed though god had use them for the first 1700 years of the church age until the 1800s when it ever it is now been vehemently attacked.
    Let me give you a for instance concerning credibility.
    If you took 40, which is the maximum amount of Alexandrian codex is you would find there are over 3000 contradictions between each other, there are so many words that have one or two letters different than another text that inconsistency is the standard. This is the problem that you run into whenever you see words that Strong’s number used for different words.
    The Greek Textus Receptus has over 25,000 copies that have been re-copied for 1700 years coming from an original text, yet between all of these different manuscripts there is less than 1% of 1% variants in the words that they use. And no variance in any doctrine of the Bible or subject matter.
    And when they say that this is a younger text where did they think in originate from, it had to come from an original text written with a source document at the time of Christ or Paul or else it would be complete gibberish and nothing would be consistent at all.
    We know that Lucius the bishop of Antioch, put together the documents which were part of the originals written by the hands of the apostles if not the first generation copies and put together a new testament that has been used since the beginning, which we know to be the Greek Textus Receptus.

    Yet the devil has tried to discredit this group of manuscripts which are almost exactly the same as the group as a whole.
    There are many missed translations which are very slight in some quite massive found in all of the newer translations that are not based upon the Greek Textus Receptus.
    The headquarters of Paul missionary outreach and were the church grew from was Antioch and not Jerusalem.
    Alexandria Egypt is where Gnosticism and the polluting of the gospel was headquartered.
    We don’t realize that many time that the new testament documents are teaching against a DOS a system which was Satan’s attempt to corrupt the scripture.
    This is the problem that you’re dealing with different dictionaries.
    Strong’s produces a concordance with addiction area the back that is what is called the “root” dictionaries of Greek words. It does not have the original words used in each individual passage, which would be analogous to not having the prefix or suffix, yet rarely in the Greek it combines words together and you can have a completely in different word because of one letter change, which is what you will see below when my examples.
    What I have learned is that I do not take a scholars word for anything until ye first tells me which Greek new testament he uses.
    If you read the preface to Strong’s dictionaries he will tell you himself in his ear and dictionaries which is not suitable for doing word searches for specific words it was never his intent.
    Yet I have individuals argue with me about Greek words out of this dictionaries which are not the exact words that are used in any specific scripture of the text they are general terms to give a general or generic understanding but never to deal with a specific passage such as what you’re dealing with in these passages which deal with the legality of divorce.
    Now at the end I’m going to give you a link tool a paper I wrote specifically on this, please check it out along with everything else I say.
    It’s taken me years to cut through the deception that Satan has brought upon the church in attempting to dilute and makes small and sometimes great changes in god’s word.
    You see the one thing that creates doubt is inconsistency, even just a little.
    As a little leaven will corrupt the whole loaf, so we’ll people’s faith be weakened if they question the book but they believe to be god’s word which has inconsistencies.
    You’ll notice that in the Greek Textus Receptus there are one or two letter variants is of each one of these words that I’ve highlighted, yet strong has the same singular number for these same words even though their diverse.
    This is because again he is presenting the root diction area which is generic.
    I want to read the exact words that god meant for us to read, which is why I teach against using Strong’s dictionaries, and even most word studies must be checked and rechecked. But before you use any of a mute needed no other source new testament.
    I will also would catch a document which makes comments concerning research books in which new testament their written using.
    Please check out my website so that you may grow in faith and not grow in confusion.
    I am not a King James only person. King James has translation errors that we all know about and I talk about. The English translation is not the inspired word of god it is a translation of re-copied new testaments that were re-copie by man, so there are slight errors.
    The inspired word of god is the original manuscripts that the authors wrote and were then copied in re-copied and send out across the world to preach the gospel.
    They used it successfully for 1700 years. If there are re-copie mistakes they are noted by now.
    But the point is I am willing to stake my life on the Greek Textus Receptus, that not a mere the other translations.

    There’s even a few major doctrinal issues which the new translations completely distort which are not taught about today.
    The biggest one I know of is a lack of teaching that Christ is our example of faith not purity.
    He was sinless and we can never be that some trying to be that is a waste of time.
    No one not saying descend because sin creates problems for the believer, and is so bad that the son of god had the shed his blood for.
    But what Jesus says is he’s an example of trusting god in faith.
    There are many scriptures which speak of the faith “of” Christ which the newer translations turn in to the faith “in” Christ, which is a completely different thing.
    We are saved not because of our own faith only but because he trusted god by being divine yet been changed to where he was all human in all divine in his essence yet vulnerable as a human.
    He and the father had this term and before the creation of the earth knowing that man would choose not to trust him, that they would have a plan to save man and that the son were put it all on the line.
    Jesus believe that the father would resurrect him, even though we know that both Jesus, the holy spirit, and the father had scriptures indicating their involvement and the resurrection as well as the crucifixion of Jesus.
    But Jesus is our example of complete trust in god, yet how many times if you heard about.
    Faith these days is taught as a tool to get something from god.
    What faith to really is it’s the foundation of our relationship with god that with out you have no relationship.
    In fact every relationship you will have must have one ingredient to be good and healthy, that is faith.
    That’s why you need to read what I have said about faith according to god’s word, because faith is the only value known to man that pleases god.
    And remember what god said all audibly on two occasions concerning Jesus “this is my son in whom I am well pleased”
    The Greek word used for pleased is almost felt exactly the same in Hebrews 11:6, and the other half a dozen places which always refers to Jesus and his faith and is talking about the same exact thing.
    Understand that right now I’m trying to build a video studio and I can’t take time to do what I’ve done today but if any of this sounds correct check it out.
    I will answer questions but it is better if you will spend the time to go through when read article after article because a lot of things I talk about are NOT the so old, same old.
    I feel like the most fortunate of sinners. I am one messed up person, yet over the decades got his chosen to use me because I take ownership of by sin and proclaimed that I am not the way to follow, Jesus as.

    Everything’s about Jesus. If Jesus isn’t in the middle on this subject within god’s word and you’ve got it wrong. That’s what I try to do with this website is to point out what the holy spirit has pointed out to me and many other Greek scholars and I refer to that builds faith, not building.
    Your brother in Christ, Brent

    Mat 15:19 εκG1537 PREP γαρG1063 CONJ τηςG3588 T-GSF καρδιαςG2588 N-GSF εξερχονταιG1831 V-PNI-3P διαλογισμοιG1261 N-NPM πονηροιG4190 A-NPM φονοιG5408 N-NPM μοιχειαιG3430 N-NPF πορνειαιG4202 N-NPF κλοπαιG2829 N-NPF ψευδομαρτυριαιG5577 N-NPF βλασφημιαιG988 N-NPF

    Mat 5:32 εγωG1473 P-1NS δεG1161 CONJ λεγωG3004 V-PAI-1S υμινG4771 P-2DP οτιG3754 CONJ οςG3739 R-NSM ανG302 PRT απολυσηG630 V-AAS-3S τηνG3588 T-ASF γυναικαG1135 N-ASF αυτουG846 P-GSM παρεκτοςG3924 ADV λογουG3056 N-GSM πορνειαςG4202 N-GSF ποιειG4160 V-PAI-3S αυτηνG846 P-ASF μοιχασθαιG3429 V-PNN καιG2532 CONJ οςG3739 R-NSM εανG1437 COND απολελυμενηνG630 V-RPP-ASF γαμησηG1060 V-AAS-3S μοιχαταιG3429 V-PNI-3S

    Mat 19:9 λεγωG3004 V-PAI-1S δεG1161 CONJ υμινG4771 P-2DP οτιG3754 CONJ οςG3739 R-NSM ανG302 PRT απολυσηG630 V-AAS-3S τηνG3588 T-ASF γυναικαG1135 N-ASF αυτουG846 P-GSM ειG1487 COND μηG3361 PRT-N επιG1909 PREP πορνειαG4202 N-DSF καιG2532 CONJ γαμησηG1060 V-AAS-3S αλληνG243 A-ASF μοιχαταιG3429 V-PNI-3S καιG2532 CONJ οG3588 T-NSM απολελυμενηνG630 V-RPP-ASF γαμησαςG1060 V-AAP-NSM μοιχαταιG3429 V-PNI-3S

    CHRISTIAN DIVORCE ~ THE TRUTH AS FOUND IN GOD’S WORD

    https://faithbibleministriesblog.com/2017/02/20/christian-divorce-the-truth-as-found-in-gods-word-2/

    It’s been awhile since this has been edited fully. If you find clerk goals please let me know because this was put together quite fast and I did and uses much time as I should have.

    I find a little confusing but hopefully I can see idea across until the day comes that I could we do it in a more artful manner.
    I’m always looking for feedback and correction.

    Regarding resources and the Greek new testaments they utilized see below.

    I am using voice recognition hardware in order to put out this volume of information so please realize this if a word is out of context or doesn’t sound right, it may be a sound alike word, or just something that the voice recognition got one in I didn’t catch.
    I’ve given you a lot to consider.
    Not just this but the whole web site.
    You should be able to feed yourself from this point on, I can tell you the kind of person that doesn’t want other people to cook for which you rather do it herself.
    As a Christian we call these Bereans. God bless you, Brent.

    A GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE, Norman L. Geisler & William E. Nix, Moody press, Chicago IL, USA, 1968, Page 00. ****

    A SHORT LIFE OF CHRIST, Everett F. Harrison, William. B. Eerdman’s Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1980, Page 00.

    ALL THE DOCTRINES OF THE BIBLE, Herbert Lockyer, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1964-1975. *****

    ADAM CLARKE’S COMMENTARY ON THE NEW TESTAMENT, Parsons Technology, Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA, 1999, Electronic Media.

    ALBERT BARNES’ NOTES ON THE BIBLE, Albert Barnes, (1798-1870), e-Sword.net.

    BELIEVERS BIBLE COMMENTARY, William McDonald, Thomas Nelson publishers, Nashville TN, 1995.

    BIBLE BACKGROUND COMMENTARY, NEW TESTAMENT, Lawrence O. Richards, Victor Books, Wheaton, IL 60187, USA, 1994, Page 00.

    BIBLICAL NUMEROLOGY, A BASIC STUDY OF THE USE OF NUMBERS IN THE BIBLE, John J. Davis, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1968. [This author basically opposes much of this book]

    BROWN-DRIVER-BRIGGS’ HEBREW DEFINITIONS, Parsons Technology Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA, 1999, Electronic Media. ****

    COMBAT FAITH – UNSHAKABLE FAITH FOR EVERYDAY, Hal Lindsey, Western Front, Ltd., Publishing Company, Palos Verdes, CA, USA, 1999.

    DAKE’S ANNOTATED REFERENCE BIBLE, Finis Jennings Dake, Dake Bible Sales, Inc., Lawrenceville, GA 30246, USA, 1963-1991, Page 00. Uses only the Textus Receptus

    DICTIONARY OF PREMILLENNIAL THEOLOGY, Larry V. Crutchfield, Mal Couch General Editor, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI, 1996, page 00. *****

    E-SWORD, VERSION 8.0.6, Rick Myers; http://www.e-sword.net ****

    EASTON’S BIBLE DICTIONARY AND BOOK SYNOPSIS, M.G. Easton, Ellis Enterprises Inc. Oklahoma City, OK 73120, USA, 1988-1999, Electronic Media.

    ELWELL’S EVANGELICAL DICTIONARY OF THEOLOGY, Walter A. Elwell, Baker Book House Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA, 1984, Electronic Media.

    EVANGELICAL COMMENTARY ON THE BIBLE, Walter A. Elwell, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids MI 49516, USA, 1994. [Though this author adamantly disagrees with their use of the NIV]. ***
    FIGURES OF SPEECH USED IN THE BIBLE, E. W. Bullinger, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA, 1898, / Reprint in 1999. **** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    JAMIESON, FAUSSET AND BROWN; COMMENTARY ON THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS, Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, & David Brown, Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., Peabody, MA 01961, 1948. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    JOHN GILL’S EXPOSITION OF THE ENTIRE BIBLE, E-Sword, Rick Myers; http://www.e-sword.net

    HARRIS’S THEOLOGICAL WORDBOOK OF THE OLD TESTAMENT, Laid R Harris, Moody Press, Chicago, IL 60610, USA, 1980, Electronic Media. **

    HEBREW GREEK KEY STUDY BIBLE, Spiros Zodhiates, PH T., AMG Publications, Chattanooga, TN 37422, USA, 1990, Page 00. **** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH, Philip Schaff, Parsons Technology, Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA, 1999, Electronic Media.

    HOLMAN BIBLE DICTIONARY, General Editor: Trent C. Butler, PH. D., Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, TN 37234, USA, 1991-1998, Electronic Media. *****

    HOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE, USEFUL HERMENEUTICAL PRINCIPLES, Stephen R. Woods, The Great Unpublished.Com., 2003.

    INTERPRETING THE SYMBOLS AND TYPES, Kevin J. Conner, BT Published, Portland OR, 97220, USA, 1992.

    INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA, James Orr, Parsons Technology Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA, 1999, Electronic Media.

    INTRODUCTION TO BIBLICAL COUNSELING: A BASIC GUIDE TO THE PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF COUNSELING, John F. MacArthur, Jr., Wayne A. Mack, and the Master’s College Faculty, W Publishing Group, a Division of Thomas Nelson, Inc., Nashville, TN 37214, USA, 1994, Page 00. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    JEWISH CULTURE AND CUSTOMS, A SAMPLER OF JEWISH LIFE, Steve Herzig, the friends of Israel Gospel ministry, Inc., Bellmawr, NJ, 08099, USA, 1997.

    KOINONIA HOUSE, Founder: Dr. Chuck Missler, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816, USA, 2008, Electronic Media, found @ khouse.org.

    MICROSOFT ENCARTA ENCYCLOPEDIA 2000, Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA 98052, USA, 1993-1999, Electronic Media.

    NELSONS ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIBLE FACTS, J. I. Packer, Merrill C. Tenney, William White, Jr.; Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville – Atlanta – London – Vancouver, 1995, Page 00. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    NEW COMMENTARY ON THE WHOLE BIBLE (Based on the classic commentary of Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown), General Editor: J. D. Douglas, New Testament Editor: Philip W. Comfort, 2008, Electronic Media.

    NEW TESTAMENT EXEGESIS, Benjamin Chapman, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI 49506, USA, 1977. ****

    NEW TESTAMENT GREEK SYNTAX, Wesley J. Perschbacher, Moody Press, Chicago, IL 60610, USA, 1995. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    NTGREEK.ORG ~ “RESOURCES FOR LEARNING NEW TESTAMENT GREEK,” Corey Keating, http://www.ntgreek.org

    NUMBER IN THE SCRIPTURE, IT’S SUPERNATURAL DESIGN AND SPIRITUAL SIGNIFICANCE, E.W. Bullinger, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI 49501, USA, 1890 / Reprint in 1967. Uses only the Textus Receptus

    ROBINSON’S MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS CODES, Maurice A. Robinson, for use with the Greek New Testaments containing parsing or declension codes. E-Sword, Ver. 8.0.6, Rick Myers; http://www.e-sword.net***** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    ROBERTSON’S WORD PICTURES IN THE NEW TESTAMENT, Vol. IV, A. T. Robertson,
    Boardman Press Inc., Nashville, TN 37234, USA, 1960, Page 00. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    STRONG’S EXHAUSTIVE CONCORDANCE, TOGETHER WITH DICTIONARIES OF HEBREW AND GREEK WORDS, James Strong, Baker Book House Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA, 1981-1998, Electronic Media.

    SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY, Charles Hodge, (3 vols), Hendrickson Publishers Inc., Peabody, MA 01961, USA (reprinted by William. B. Eerdman’s Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 2003, Page 00. Uses only the Textus Receptus

    THAYER’S GREEK DEFINITIONS, Joseph Henry. Thayer, Parsons Technology Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA, 2008, Electronic Media. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    THE COMING PRINCE, Sir Robert Anderson, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI 49501, USA, 1894, / Reprint in 1957, Page 00.

    THE HEBREW – GREEK KEY STUDY BIBLE, Spiros Zodhiates, PH T., AMG Publications, Chattanooga, TN 37422, USA, 1984, Page 00. ***** Uses the Textus Receptus (Available in New American Standard & using the Strong’s Identifying Numbers)

    THE COMPLETE WORD STUDY NEW TESTAMENT WITH GREEK PARALLEL, Spiros
    Zodhiates, PH T., AMG Publications, Chattanooga, TN 37422, USA, 1990, Page 00. ***** Uses the Textus Receptus (Using the Strong’s Identifying Numbers)

    THE COMPLETE WORD STUDY DICTIONARY – NEW TESTAMENT, Spiros
    Zodhiates, PH T., AMG Publications, Chattanooga, TN 37422, USA, 1992, Page 00. ***** Uses the Textus Receptus (Using the Strong’s Identifying Numbers)

    THE COMPLETE WORD STUDY DICTIONARY – OLD TESTAMENT, Spiros
    Zodhiates, PH T., AMG Publications, Chattanooga, TN 37422, USA, 1994, Page 00. ***** Used the Textus Receptus (Using the Strong’s Identifying Numbers)

    THE INTERLINEAR HEBREW/GREEK ENGLISH BIBLE, (4 vols), Jay Green, Associated Publishers and Authors, Lafayette, IN, USA, 1979. Uses only the Textus Receptus

    THE IVP BIBLE BACKGROUND COMMENTARY, NEW TESTAMENT, Craig S. Keener, inner varsity press, Downers Grove Illinois 60515, USA, 1993. **

    THE KJV PARALLEL BIBLE COMMENTARY, Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, TN 37234, USA 1994, Page 00. *** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    THE LIFE AND TIMES OF JESUS THE MESSIAH, Alfred Edersheim, Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 1993, Pages 00. ****

    THE NEW BIBLE SURVEY, J. Lawrence Eason, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1966, Page 00. ***

    THE SEPTUAGINT VERSION: GREEK AND ENGLISH, Sir Lancelot C.L. Brenton, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, USA, 1970, electronic edition.

    THE TABERNACLE, M. R. DeHaan, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1955.

    THE TABERNACLE, ITS PRIEST AND ITS SERVICES, William Brown, Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., Peabody, MA 01961, USA, 1997. ****

    THE TABERNACLE PRIESTHOOD IN OFFERINGS, I. M. Haldeman, Fleming H. Revell Co., Westwood, NJ, USA, 1925.

    THE TEXT USED IS FROM THE: “H KAINH ΔΙΑΘΚΗ” (Greek New Testament) translation by the Trinitarian Bible Society, and is a Byzantine text in accordance with the Textus Receptus.

    THE VICTOR BIBLE BACKGROUND COMMENTARY, NEW TESTAMENT, Lawrence O. Richards, Victor books, 1825 College Ave., Wheaton Illinois 60187, USA, 1994. [Though this author disagrees with their use of the NIV, TLB, PH]. ***

    THE WITNESS OF THE STARS, E. W. Bullinger, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI 49501, USA, 1893, / Reprint in 1967. **** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    THEOPEDIA, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIBLICAL CHRISTIANITY, Internet resource research search engine, http://www.theopedia.com.

    TYPES IN HEBREW, Sir Robert Anderson, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49501, USA, 1978.
    UNDERSTAND THE TIMES, Founder: Roger Oakland, PO Box 27239, Santa Ana, CA 92799, USA, 2008, Electronic Media.

    UNGER’S BIBLE DICTIONARY, Merrill F. Unger, Moody Press, Chicago, IL 60610, 1979.

    VINE’S EXPOSITORY DICTIONARY OF OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT WORDS, W.E. Vine, Ellis Enterprises Inc., Oklahoma City, OK 73120, USA, 1988, Electronic Media. *** Uses Alexandrian Codex

    WHY CHRISTIANS CAN’T TRUST PSYCHOLOGY, Ed Bulkley, PH. D., Harvest House Publishers, Eugene, OR 97402, 1993, Page 00.

    WIERSBE BIBLE COMMENTARY: NEW TESTAMENT, Warren W. Wiersbe, Rick Myers; http://www.e-sword.net

    WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA, @ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

    WILLMINGTON’S GUIDE OF THE BIBLE, Dr. H. L. Willmington, Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Wheaton, IL 60187, USA, 2008, Electronic media.

    WORD STUDIES IN THE GREEK NEW TESTAMENT, Volume 2, Dr. Kenneth S. Wuest, Wm. B. Eerdman’s Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1990, “Hebrews in the Greek New Testament,” Electronic Media. *****

    MORE BIBLE STUDY RESOURCES

    • COMMENTARIES: **

    CRITICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL COMMENTARY, (6 vols) Robert Jamieson, A.R. Faussett, David Brown, William B. Eerdmans Publishing company, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    ALBERT BARNES’ NOTES ON THE BIBLE, Albert Barnes, Blackie and Sons Publications, London, 1851. (Reprinted by Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA. ****

    THE PULPIT COMMENTARY (26 Vol), H.D.M. Spence & Joseph S. Exell, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA, 1950. ****

    ROBERTSON’S WORD PICTURES IN THE NEW TESTAMENT, Vol. IV, A. T. Robertson,
    Boardman Press Inc., Nashville, TN 37234, USA, 1960, Page 00.

    ADAM CLARKE’S COMMENTARY ON THE NEW TESTAMENT, Parsons Technology, Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA, 1999, Electronic Media. ****

    COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT, C. F. Keil, & F. Delitzsch, (trans. from the German, 10 vols), William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI, USA, 1978. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    CRITICAL AND EXEGETICAL COMMENTARY ON THE NEW TESTAMENT, (11 vols), Heinrich A.W. Meyer, T & T Clark, London, 1883.

    THE KJV PARALLEL BIBLE COMMENTARY, Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, TN 37234, USA 1994, Page 00. *** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    THE VICTOR BIBLE BACKGROUND COMMENTARY, NEW TESTAMENT, Lawrence O. Richards, Victor books, 1825 College Ave., Wheaton Illinois 60187, USA, 1994. [Though this author disagrees with their use of the NIV, TLB, PH]. ***

    EVANGELICAL COMMENTARY ON THE BIBLE, Walter A. Elwell, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids MI 49516, USA, 1994. [Though this author adamantly disagrees with their use of the NIV]. ***

    BELIEVERS BIBLE COMMENTARY, William McDonald, Thomas Nelson publishers, Nashville TN, 1995. ***

    THE IVP BIBLE BACKGROUND COMMENTARY, NEW TESTAMENT, Craig S. Keener, inner varsity press, Downers Grove Illinois 60515, USA, 1993. ***

    NEW COMMENTARY ON THE WHOLE BIBLE (Based on the classic commentary of Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown), General Editor: J. D. Douglas, New Testament Editor: Philip W. Comfort, 2008, Electronic Media. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    BIBLE BACKGROUND COMMENTARY, NEW TESTAMENT, Lawrence O. Richards, Victor Books, Wheaton, IL 60187, USA, 1994, Page 00. ***

    WILLMINGTON’S GUIDE OF THE BIBLE, Dr. H. L. Willmington, Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Wheaton, IL 60187, USA, 2008, Electronic media.

    • ENCYCLOPEDIAS: ***

    NELSONS ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIBLE FACTS, J. I. Packer, Merrill C. Tenney, William White, Jr.; Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville – Atlanta – London – Vancouver, 1995, Page 00. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    THE ZONDERVAN PICTORIAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BIBLE, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1975. ****

    THE INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA (5 vols), William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, MI, 1979. ****

    ENCYCLOPEDIA OF EVANGELISM, Randall Balmer, Baylor University Press, Waco, TX 76704, USA, 2004. ***

    INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA, James Orr, Parsons Technology Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA, 1999, Electronic Media.

    • DICTIONARIES: ****

    HOLMAN BIBLE DICTIONARY, General Editor: Trent C. Butler, PH. D., Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, TN 37234, USA, 1991-1998, Electronic Media. *****

    THE INTERPRETER’S DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE (5 vols), Abingdon Press, Nashville, TN, 1980. ****

    THE ILLUSTRATED BIBLE DICTIONARY (3 vols), Inter-Varsity Press, Leicester, England, 1980. ****

    ELWELL’S EVANGELICAL DICTIONARY OF THEOLOGY, Walter A. Elwell, Baker Book House Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA, 1984, Electronic Media. ***

    EASTON’S BIBLE DICTIONARY AND BOOK SYNOPSIS, M.G. Easton, Ellis Enterprises Inc. Oklahoma City, OK 73120, USA, 1988-1999, Electronic Media. **

    UNGER’S BIBLE DICTIONARY, Merrill F. Unger, Moody Press, Chicago, IL 60610, 1979. **

    • WORD STUDIES: *****

    WORD STUDIES IN THE GREEK NEW TESTAMENT, (3 Vol.) Dr. Kenneth S. Wuest, Wm. B. Eerdman’s Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1990. *****

    THAYER’S GREEK DEFINITIONS, Parsons Technology Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA, 2008, Electronic Media. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    JAMIESON, FAUSSET, BROWN, Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, & David Brown, Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., Peabody, MA 01961, 1948. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    BROWN-DRIVER-BRIGGS’ HEBREW DEFINITIONS, Parsons Technology Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA, 1999, Electronic Media. ****

    HARRIS’S THEOLOGICAL WORDBOOK OF THE OLD TESTAMENT, Laid R Harris, Moody Press, Chicago, IL 60610, USA, 1980, Electronic Media. ***

    VINCENT’S WORD STUDIES, Marvin R. Vincent, Covenant Parsonage, New York, USA, 1886, E-Sword, Rick Myers; http://www.e-sword.net

    VINE’S EXPOSITORY DICTIONARY OF OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT WORDS, W.E. Vine, Ellis Enterprises Inc., Oklahoma City, OK 73120, USA, 1988, Electronic Media. *** Uses Alexandrian Codex

    THE HEBREW – GREEK KEY STUDY BIBLE, Spiros Zodhiates, PH T., AMG Publications, Chattanooga, TN 37422, USA, 1984, Page 00. ***** Used the Textus Receptus (Available in New American Standard & using the Strong’s Identifying Numbers)

    THE COMPLETE WORD STUDY NEW TESTAMENT WITH GREEK PARALLEL, Spiros
    Zodhiates, PH T., AMG Publications, Chattanooga, TN 37422, USA, 1990, Page 00. ***** Used the Textus Receptus (Using the Strong’s Identifying Numbers)

    THE COMPLETE WORD STUDY DICTIONARY – NEW TESTAMENT, Spiros
    Zodhiates, PH T., AMG Publications, Chattanooga, TN 37422, USA, 1992, Page 00. ***** Used the Textus Receptus (Using the Strong’s Identifying Numbers)

    THE COMPLETE WORD STUDY DICTIONARY – OLD TESTAMENT, Spiros
    Zodhiates, PH T., AMG Publications, Chattanooga, TN 37422, USA, 1994, Page 00. ***** Used the Textus Receptus (Using the Strong’s Identifying Numbers)

    • BIBLES / INTERLINEAR / LEXICONS / GRAMMATICAL CODE ~ FOR STUDYING ORIGINAL LANGUAGES: *****!

    THE INTERLINEAR HEBREW/GREEK ENGLISH BIBLE, (KJV) Jay Green, Associated Publishers and Authors, Lafayette, IN, USA, 1979. ***** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    THE SEPTUAGINT VERSION: GREEK AND ENGLISH, Sir Lancelot C.L. Brenton, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, USA, 1970, electronic edition. *****

    ROBINSON’S MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS CODES, for use with the Greek New Testaments containing parsing or declension codes. E-Sword, Ver. 8.0.6, Rick Myers; http://www.e-sword.net. **** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    NTGREEK.ORG ~ “RESOURCES FOR LEARNING NEW TESTAMENT GREEK,” Corey Keating, http://www.ntgreek.org ****

    HEBREW AND ENGLISH LEXICON OF THE OLD TESTAMENT, (Numerically coded to Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance), Francis Brown, S. R. Driver, & Charles A. Briggs, Associated Publishers and Authors, Lafayette, IN 47901, USA, 1981. ****

    NEW TESTAMENT GREEK SYNTAX, Wesley J. Perschbacher, Moody Press, Chicago, IL 60610, USA, 1995. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    THE ENGLISHMAN’S GREEK CONCORDANCE OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, G. V. Wigram, (Numerically coded to Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance), Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1979. ****

    THE ENGLISHMAN’S HEBREW AND CHALDEE CONCORDANCE OF THE OLD TESTAMENT, G. V. Wigram, (Numerically coded to Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance), Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1980. ****

    STRONG’S EXHAUSTIVE CONCORDANCE TOGETHER WITH DICTIONARIES OF HEBREW AND GREEK WORDS, James Strong, Baker Book House Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA, 1981-1998, Electronic Media. **** For the Concordance Only

    HEBREW GREEK KEY STUDY BIBLE, (KJV) Spiros Zodhiates, PH T., AMG Publications, Chattanooga, TN 37422, USA, 1990, Page 00. *** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    GESENIUS’ HEBREW AND CHALDEE LEXICON TO THE OLD TESTAMENT SCRIPTURES, S. P. Tregelles, (Numerically Coded to Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance), Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1979.

    DAKE’S ANNOTATED REFERENCE BIBLE, Finis Jennings Dake, Dake Bible Sales, Inc., Lawrenceville, GA 30246, USA, 1963-1991, Page 00. Uses only the Textus Receptus

    • HERMENEUTICS / EXEGESIS / TEXTUAL CRITICISM: ****

    INERRANCY, Norman L. Geisler, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1980.

    NEW TESTAMENT EXEGESIS, Benjamin Chapman, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI 49506, USA, 1977. ****

    HOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE, USEFUL HERMENEUTICAL PRINCIPLES, Stephen R. Woods, The Great Unpublished.Com., 2003. **

    • THEOLOGY:

    SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY, Lewis Sperry Shafer, (8 vols), Dallas Seminary Press, Dallas, TX, 1947. ****

    EVANGELICAL DICTIONARY OF THEOLOGY (2nd Ed.), Walter A. Elwell, Baker Academic, Baker Book House Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49516, USA, 2001. ****

    DICTIONARY OF NEW TESTAMENT THEOLOGY, C. Brown, (vol 3), Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, USA, 1978. **** Uses Alexandrian Codex ?

    ISRAELOLOGY: THE MISSING LINK IN SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY, Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, Ariel Ministries Press, Tustin, CA, 1989. ****

    SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY, Charles Hodge, (3 vols), Hendrickson Publishers Inc., Peabody, MA 01961, USA (reprinted by William. B. Eerdman’s Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 2003, Page 00. **** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    THEOLOGICAL DICTIONARY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT, G.J. Botterweck, & H. Ringgren, (4 vols), William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, MI, 1980. ****

    THEOLOGICAL DICTIONARY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, G. Kittel & G. Friedrich, (10 vols), William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, MI, 1976. Uses Alexandrian Codex

    PRACTICAL CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY, Floyd H. Barackman, Fleming H. Revell Co., Old Tappan, NJ 07675, USA, 1984. ***

    BIBLICAL THEOLOGY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Moody Press, Chicago IL 60610, USA, 1959. ***

    • DOCTRINE: *****

    ALL THE DOCTRINES OF THE BIBLE, Herbert Lockyer, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1964-1975. *****

    DICTIONARY OF PREMILLENNIAL THEOLOGY, Larry V. Crutchfield, Mal Couch General Editor, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI, 1996, page 00. *****

    DISPENSATIONAL TRUTH, Clarence Larkin, Larkin Estate, Glendale, PA, USA, 1918.

    COMBAT FAITH – UNSHAKABLE FAITH FOR EVERYDAY, Hal Lindsey, Western Front, Ltd., Publishing Company, Palos Verdes, CA, USA, 1999.

    • CULTURAL INSIGHTS: ****

    THE LIFE AND TIMES OF JESUS THE MESSIAH, Alfred Edersheim, Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 1993, Pages 00. *****

    HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH, Philip Schaff, Parsons Technology, Inc., Cedar Rapids, IA 52404, USA, 1999, Electronic Media. *****

    A SHORT LIFE OF CHRIST, Everett F. Harrison, William. B. Eerdman’s Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1980, Page 00. ***

    JEWISH CULTURE AND CUSTOMS, A SAMPLER OF JEWISH LIFE, Steve Herzig, the friends of Israel Gospel ministry, Inc., Bellmawr, NJ, 08099, USA, 1997. ***

    • BIBLE SURVEYS: ***

    A GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE, Norman L. Geisler & William E. Nix, Moody press, Chicago IL, USA, 1968, Page 00. ****

    THE NEW BIBLE SURVEY, J. Lawrence Eason, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1966, Page 00. ***

    • FAITH BUILDERS:

    THE COMING PRINCE, Sir Robert Anderson, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI 49501, USA, 1894, / Reprint in 1957, Page 00.

    • TYPOLOGY / FIGURES OF SPEECH / BIBLICAL SYMBOLS: ****

    FIGURES OF SPEECH USED IN THE BIBLE, E. W. Bullinger, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA, 1898, / Reprint in 1999. ***** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    THE WITNESS OF THE STARS, E. W. Bullinger, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI 49501, USA, 1893, / Reprint in 1967. **** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    NUMBER IN THE SCRIPTURE, IT’S SUPERNATURAL DESIGN AND SPIRITUAL SIGNIFICANCE, E.W . Bullinger, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI 49501, USA, 1890 / Reprint in 1967. **** Uses only the Textus Receptus

    THE TABERNACLE, M. R. DeHaan, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1955. Uses Alexandrian Codex ?

    THE TABERNACLE, ITS PRIEST AND ITS SERVICES, William Brown, Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., Peabody, MA 01961, USA, 1997. ****

    THE TABERNACLE PRIESTHOOD IN OFFERINGS, I. M. Haldeman, Fleming H. Revell Co., Westwood, NJ, USA, 1925. ****

    THE TEMPLE, ITS MINISTRY AND SERVICES, Alfred Edersheim, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, MI, 1958. ****

    TYPES IN HEBREW, Sir Robert Anderson, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49501, USA, 1978. ***

    INTERPRETING THE SYMBOLS AND TYPES, Kevin J. Conner, BT Published, Portland OR, 97220, USA, 1992. **

    BIBLICAL NUMEROLOGY, A BASIC STUDY OF THE USE OF NUMBERS IN THE BIBLE, John J. Davis, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI 49502, USA, 1968. [This author basically opposes much of this book] *

    • INTERNET ENCYCLOPEDIAS: **

    WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA, @ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page ~ Use discretion.

    THEOPEDIA, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIBLICAL CHRISTIANITY, Internet resource research search engine, http://www.theopedia.com. Use discretion.

    MICROSOFT ENCARTA ENCYCLOPEDIA 2000, Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA 98052, USA, 1993-1999, Electronic Media. Use great discretion!

    • BIBLICAL COUNSELING: *****

    WHY CHRISTIANS CAN’T TRUST PSYCHOLOGY, Ed Bulkley, PH. D., Harvest House Publishers, Eugene, OR 97402, 1993, Page 00. *****

    INTRODUCTION TO BIBLICAL COUNSELING: A BASIC GUIDE TO THE PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF COUNSELING, John F. MacArthur, Jr., Wayne A. Mack, and the Master’s College Faculty, W Publishing Group, a Division of Thomas Nelson, Inc., Nashville, TN 37214, USA, 1994, Page 00. ***** Uses Alexandrian Codex ?

    • INTERNET WEBSITES: *****

    KOINONIA HOUSE, Founder: Dr. Chuck Missler, Coeur d’Alene, ID 83816, USA, 2008, Electronic Media, found @ khouse.org. *****

    UNDERSTAND THE TIMES, Founder: Roger Oakland, PO Box 27239, Santa Ana, CA 92799, USA, 2008, Electronic Media.

    • FREE COMPUTER BIBLES: *****!

    E-SWORD, VERSION 8.0.6, Rick Myers; http://www.e-sword.net

    Using this program can change your life especially by using the study notes adjacent to the Scripture for reference and Bible note taking. I learned 30 years ago take notes in your Bible, if you don’t do this (unless you have a photographic memory – even then it’s presumptuous not take notes), you will never grasp God’s word as the Holy Spirit desires you to do so. “And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men.” (Colossians 3:23)

    Others

    ANALYTICAL GREEK NEW TESTAMENT, Barbara & Timothy Friberg, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI 49506, USA, 1995.

    NELSON’S NKJV STUDY BIBLE, Thomas Nelson Publishers Nashville.
    735 BAFFLING BIBLE QUESTIONS, Richards
    A WOMAN RIDES THE BEAST, Dave Hunt
    BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA, BIBLE HISTORY, BIBLE STORIES, Southwestern
    DINING WITH THE DEVIL, Os Guinness
    EERDMAN’S HANDBOOK TO THE BIBLE
    ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIBLICAL TIMES
    EXPOSITORY DICTIONARY OF BIBLE WORDS, Richards
    HALEY’S BIBLE HANDBOOK
    HARD SAYINGS OF THE BIBLE, Kasier, David’s, Bruce, Brauch
    HARPER’S BIBLE DICTIONARY
    HAYFORD’S BIBLE HANDBOOK
    MANNERS AND CUSTOMS IN THE BIBLE, Matthews
    NELSONS COMPLETE BOOK OF BIBLE MAPS AND CHARTS
    NEW BIBLE DICTIONARY
    NEW CONCISE BIBLE DICTIONARY
    PROTESTANT BIBLICAL INTERPRETATION, Rainn
    REAL CHRISTIANS DON’T DANCE, Fisher
    STORY OF THE BIBLE WORLD, Keyes
    THE BROADMAN BIBLE COMMENTARY
    THE COMPANION BIBLE.
    THE COMPLETE BOOK OF BIBLE ANSWERS, Roads
    THE COMPLETE BOOK OF BIBLE TRIVIA, Laying
    THE COMPLETE VOLUME OF MARTIN LUTHER’S SERMONS
    THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS
    THE GREAT DOCTRINES OF THE BIBLE, Evans
    THE KINGDOM OF THE CULTS, Walter Martin
    THE MATTHEW HENRY COMMENTARY
    THE TWO BABYLONS, Hislop
    THE WYCLIFFE BIBLE COMMENTARY
    THINGS TO COME, Dwight Penecost
    WHERE TO FIND IT IN THE BIBLE, Anderson
    WILSON ’S OLD TESTAMENT WORDS STUDIES
    WORD MEANINGS IN THE NEW TESTAMENT, Earl
    WORLDS IN COLLISION, Immanuel Velikovsky

    P.O. BOX 1986, DENISON, TEXAS 75021

    All Scripture verses listed, unless otherwise noted, refer to the King James Version.

    Like

  6. Cristina Almeida · ·

    …THANK YOU VERY MUCH!!

    Everything to read and translate carefully.

    I agree immediately to consider that the ‘Critical Text’ it’s not safe, and I assure myself through the Textus Receptus (…should be written in italics) of the KJV – Portuguese ‘Almeida Corrigida Fiel’ (ACF) of the Trinitarian Bible Society of Brazil (SBTB).

    Sorry for the work I gave you, Ps Brent, with the important information you provide.

    Whoever seeks will find – the light grows.
    I ask the Lord to guide and bless*

    Best regards
    Cristina

    Like

  7. Cristina,
    Sorry for misspelling your name. The most beautiful thing we could ever hear is our name – when spoken by our Lord and Saviour; Jesus the Christ. My greatest desire is to hear Him say, “well done, Brent”

    You are welcome. Any changes you find or errors please let me know. I love the Trinitarian Bible Society, because they are the only ones who hold to the TR. Your prayers are greatly desired – PLEASE pray for me. Brent

    Like

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Faith Bible Ministries Blog ~ An Online Study of the Bible

“So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.” ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This online Bible study series addresses primary New Testament words in their original language - Koinè Greek - as opposed to mainly using the English translations; which is like adding color to a black-and-white picture.

Faith Video Ministries Inc.

"So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God"

Faith Bible Ministries

"So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God"

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