We must understand that it is all three persons of the Trinity (Psalms 2 – see Endnote #1) that were involved and orchestrated the crucifixion in order to fulfill the Will of God the Father.
And that men: Pontius Pilate, the Romans, the Jewish religious leaders, and the Jews themselves were simply the instruments that God used to perform His goodwill.
God The Father
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” (John 3:16)
“...but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.” (1 John 4:10)
“Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father” (Galatians 1:4)
“He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us…” (Romans 8:32)
“Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know: Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain” (Acts 2:22-23)
” Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.” (Joh 10:17-18)
“Just think how much more the blood of Christ will purify our consciences from sinful deeds so that we can worship the living God. For by the power of the eternal Spirit, Christ offered Himself to God as a perfect sacrifice for our sins.” (Hebrews 9:14 NLT).
It is of note that even the translators recognized that the phrase “the eternal Spirit” was a reference to the Holy Spirit, used here as a synonym; wherein they capitalized the word “spirit” in reference to the personality of the Holy Spirit.
For the full text regarding this subject, please see our article entitled: “SALVATION – WHAT IS IT & HOW TO OBTAIN IT (NOTABLE WORK)” ~ LINK
1. One of the most unusual Scriptures in the Old Testament is found in the book of Psalms, chapter Two
This chapter makes no sense unless you understand that this is a passage which records a conversation between the Trinity concerning Their plans for man and the planet Earth.
When you read this passage understanding this it makes sense.
What is perfectly apparent is a conversation between God the father and God the son, what is less apparent is the conclusion that is articulated by God the Holy Spirit. The following was written by Warren Wiersbe (And Chuck Missler’s insert):
The Voice of the Spirit – Psalms 2:1-3 (Chuck Missler)
The Voice of the Father – Psalms 2:4-6
How does God respond to the threats of men? He laughs! It is the holy voice of derision, for God is greater than man and need not fear the proud attacks of puny kings. God does not speak today in judgment; He speaks in grace from the cross. But the day is coming when God will have “the last laugh” (Psa. 37:1-15; Psa. 59:1-8). Remember how proud Sennacherib defied God and the Jews and then was suddenly wiped out? (2 Kings 19:1-37) This will happen again when God decides to deal in judgment with the nations of the world.
There is also the voice of displeasure (Psa. 2:5). We can say it again: today God is not speaking in wrath; He is speaking through His Son in grace (Heb. 1:1-2); one day, however, He will send His wrath upon the nations of the world. The word “displeasure” here means “fiery anger.” This is the tribulation, described in detail in Rev. 6-19. It will be a time of awful judgment upon the land and sea, the heavens, the world of nature, and people and nations. Millions of people will die in plagues and heaven-sent disasters. During the tribulation period, the nation of Israel will be “purged” to prepare a believing remnant for the return of Christ to establish His kingdom from Jerusalem. Multitudes will be saved during this time, but many of them will seal their decision with their own lives.
Finally, God’s voice is a voice of declaration (Psa. 2:6); God has set (“anointed”) His King upon His holy hill. This is Christ (Isa. 9:6-7; Dan. 7:13-14). Though He is not yet seated on His own throne of glory, or upon the throne of David, He is seated at the Father’s right hand; and His throne is as certain as the Father’s word! Today, Christ is a priest-king like Melchizedek (Heb. 6:20-7:17). He intercedes for His own. One day He will return in glory and sit upon the throne to judge and rule the nations (Matt. 25:31-46).
III. The Voice of the Son – Psalms 2:7-9
Christ speaks in these verses and tells us what the Father said to Him in His eternal decree. How good to know that God has decreed the fulfillment of His plan, and that man will not hinder God’s working. “You are My Son, today I have begotten You.” When did the Father say this to the Son? Not when He was born into the world, but when He came out of the tomb. Read Acts 13:28-33 carefully. Christ was “begotten” from the virgin tomb into a glorious life of resurrection power. (This verse is quoted again in Heb. 1:5 and Heb. 5:5.)
Because of His victory over sin and death, Christ is given an inheritance; see Hebrews 1:4-5. You will recall the Father saying to the Son at His baptism, “This is my Beloved Son” (Matt. 3:17 4, NKJV). He repeated this at the Transfiguration where Jesus faced His death on the cross (Matt. 17:5). Jesus has all the nations as His inheritance because of His faithful work on the cross. However, Satan offered Him these same kingdoms apart from the cross; see Matt. 4:8-10. Jesus could have received the nations without suffering had He yielded to the devil, but then He would have stepped outside the Father’s will. (Of course, it was impossible for Christ to sin, but the temptation was still just as real.) Satan will offer these kingdoms to Antichrist, and he will rule the nations for a brief season. See Revelation 13:1-10.
When will Christ receive “the uttermost parts of the earth” for His possession? When He returns to the earth in power and glory; see Revelation 19:11-21. Psalms 2:9 is referred to in Revelation 12:5 and Revelation 19:15; and in Revelation 2:26-29, we are told that Christians will reign with Him. See also Daniel 2:42-44.
IV. The Voice of the Spirit – Psalms 2:10-12
The closing three verses are an appeal from the Spirit to the sons of men to submit themselves now to Jesus Christ. The Spirit appeals to every area of the personality: He speaks to the mind when He says: “be wise” (vs. 10), to the emotions when He says “fear” (vs. 11), and the will, when He says: “serve the Lord” (vs. 11).