UPDATE – The Incarnation of Christ ~ God’s Essence & Attributes (Notable Original Work)

ParadoxIntroduction – Faith (update)
There comes a place where as a Christian Believer, you have to take certain things at face value – on faith.

Now, this is not the same as blind faith.

Biblical faith is not blind faith, and those that confuse the two, show their either their ignorance or their prejudice. 

Biblical faith is based upon an examination of God’s Word wherein the conclusion is that God is the only One that could have inspired this book – the Holy Bible.

It is because of these internal and external evidences, which is the basis of growing faith; and the fact that this book is therefore worthy to follow as God’s manuscript on not only His Revelation to man, but His divinely inspired instruction to man as well.

There is an old expression that “seeing is believing,” yet within Christianity “believing leads to seeing.”seeing is believing 

Blind faith on the other hand, is placing faith in someone who has NOT earned it by a track record of fidelity – God has built a track record of fidelity within His Word.

Biblical Faith
Biblical faith is found in God’s word because of the consistency of witnessing miracle after miracle exhibited in God’s word, with the end result being that truly this book could not have been authored by man, but must have been offered by He who can see the ending from the beginning – God Himself, wherein this book deserves our greatest attention as God’s revelation to man.  Biblical faith is to be primarily based upon an interaction with God’s word, as is declared in Romans 10:17, which states:

Faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God

The Source of Biblical Faith
Biblical faith is created and grown wherein as a person reads the Bible, and the Holy Spirit opens their spiritual eyes to perceive that which is laid out, it is a logical reasonable process of coming to the conclusion that this book could not have been written by mortal man (2 Timothy 3:16), because:

1) There are prophecies given in Old Testament, that are fulfilled in the New Testament.
2) There are prophecies given within the Bible as a whole, which are fulfilled since it’s closing.
3) There are scientific and natural insights presented in the Bible, which were once considered completely false; in time, science has caught up with the Bible proving that it was correct in the first place, and that it is beyond human insight.
4) There is deep wisdom that is written between its pages, which are far beyond the capacity of a human being to create.
5) There are internal evidences found in the Bible when it is crossed-referenced within itself in such a way that it is obvious that 40 different men could not have utilized the exact same type of “Figures of Speech,” including: typology, such as seen in metaphorsimilesmodels; along with prophetic symbols as seen in even the use of numberscolorseventsmaterial and substancesdatesmathematicsnamesroles, and even people’s personality and lives; all done to portray a shadow of things to come rather in heaven, or in the particular case of Jesus, the fulfillment of the Messiah; as witnessed in His First and Second coming – as well as Last Days events – all done in such a way that the only explanation is that God orchestrated the creation of this Book.

All leading to the conclusion that this book was not written by man, but by a God that is outside of our time domain, who can see the ending from the beginning (Isaiah 46:9-10); who is all-powerful, and in total control of His creation (Isaiah 45:5-7), and therefore worthy of our complete trust and faith in what He has said and what He will do (Isaiah 46; Jeremiah 29:11).

Face Value
However, once there is the relationship of faith that is established wherein the believer due to what God has written in His Word comes to a place of saving faith, wherein they begin their walk of faith, trusting God for not only their salvation but for their very existence; at a certain point there comes a place where certain things which are beyond our comprehension are to be taken at face value – based upon faith.

This becomes necessary not because we lack the availability to know certain things, but because we lack the ability to understand certain things. 

paradox 3

Paradox
From our limited perspective many things seem to be opposite to each other, when in reality they are not – this is the definition of the paradox.  

Paradox 1

A few examples of Biblical paradoxes are (Please see Endnote #1 for source of the following):

Exaltation through Humility (James 4:10)
Strength through Weakness (2 Corinthians 12:10)
Receiving through Giving (Acts 20:35)
Freedom through Servitude (Romans 6:18)
Gaining through Losing (Philippians 3:7-8)
Living through Dying (John 12:24)
Finding through Losing (Matthew 10:39)

A few other examples of what I would refer to as paradoxes found in the Bible are:  The Trinity, The Holy Spirit, Predestination in regards to free-will, and what we are considering in this article; the Incarnation of Jesus Christ.

As a Christian, we must have faith, without fully understanding, that Jesus is all God, and all man.

God is the Boss
As we mature, setting aside the prejudices that way-us-down, we need to come to a place of understanding that God is God because He is in total control – He is sovereign, and that He chooses us; yet at the same time we have free will and are held accountable for how we respond to the gospel. 

We don’t, and cannot perceive the Holy Spirit, who is in all places at the same time, indwells all the believers; and yet is an individual as opposed to any neutered force. 

We know this because of the masculine personal pronouns used of Him (and when the neutered form is used it is because it validates the subject matter at hand), yet how do we conceive of such of person. 

We don’t, we take it at face value – on faith. 

There are many more examples of things that we cannot comprehend because of our finite and limited brainpower, and therefore must humble ourselves by trusting God in what He’s said in His Word. 

There is no way that we could ever start to comprehend God. 

Yet, from our limited position God has presented Himself so that we can observe certain behaviors, things He has said; which present us with an ability to perceive God in a limited manner. 

The following is a discussion which should not be taken to attempt to explain God.  

However, with our limited scope as humans we do have the ability to perceive the difference between behaviors, which are outward manifestations, hence better referred to as “attributes ” and the “essence of something, which is the unseen internal part of a being, which is at their core

These observations, especially concerning the essence; our limited when it comes to addressing God according to what He says concerning His essence, and has referred to in some manner in His Word. 

Therefore, the following is meant to be an elementary introduction wherein we might better grasp those things that we can comprehend. 

Past Mistaken Teachings Regarding “Essence”
Before continuing on we need to discuss what has been taught by many teachers and scholars in the past concerning the definition of essence, that which is internal and unseen, which makes up the person himself; wherein these teachers equated the same as attributes, which are external behaviors that can be exhibited by actions.

In attempting to be the end all of the discussion many scholars and teachers deal with their limited insight in a reckless manner by defining God by what they see, as opposed to that which they can never understand, which is God’s essence.

Man is incapable of understanding the essence of God, that which makes Him God which is beyond understanding.  

Therefore, because man can only see those behaviors of God, those attributes; many confuse these attributes with what they term the essence of God.

They attempt to define God by what He does, as compared to who He is.

The Dog vs, Man Analogy
We need to be content with the idea that we cannot at this time with our limited intelligence comprehend the essence of God, any more than a dog can understand the essence of the human.

A dog may be able to perceive the behaviors of its master, they can tell when he’s angry, they are subject to his power and control, they know that he is the one that feeds and waters them, they can communicate their desire to go outside, to play, and to express love to their master; based solely on their observation of his attributes as seen in his behaviors.

They have no capacity to understand the essence of the human due to their own limitations.

Such is the plight of man, at least while he is in this carnal limited body – and to espouse any other insight beyond this is hubris at best, and vain and evil at its worst.

Examples of Past Mistaken Teachings Regarding God’s “Essence”
The following is an example of how men normally define the essence of God, while in reality it is simply an observation of His attributes, along (mixed with) with His essence:

essence
Another common mistake is to combine the essence and the attributes as seen in the following example.

Essence_of_God

God’s Attributes
What should be noted is that those qualities that God would hold within His essence, His righteousness, His justice, His love, His immutability, His veracity, and His eternal state; all which are aspects of His essence – make up and should not to be confused with His attributes, which are seen in His Omniscience, Omnipresence, and Omnipotence.

It is when we confuse the essence of God, that which cannot be seen, that which is not able to be comprehended which makes him who He is; when we mix that with that which can be seen those behaviors those attributes; this is where the confusion lies in understanding how Jesus could set aside the behaviors of God, in order that he could be all of God in his essence, and all of man in his attributes.

This misunderstanding lays way to One of the greatest missed opportunities concerning the subject of faith –
that Jesus was the ultimate example of faith, more than any other could ever do or display,
in the fact that Jesus trusted the Father to bring him back to the fullness of His attributes within his deity.

Jesus is our example in every aspect of life,
but never more so than in the exercise of trust and faith in God the Father.

Who do we pray to, who does Jesus teach us to pray to: God the Father.

Attributes
A common problem that I see in the church today is confusing attributes and essence (Please see Endnote #2 regarding technical definitions – If you miss this the rest may not make sense, please read it now as it has everything to do with words in their meaning which is what we are dealing with).

The essence of something is what it is in its makeup, whereas the attributes are behaviors (Which can be seen and therefore identified, which is not true of essence), which are simply displays that radiate from, and are distinct from the essence that created them.

Roles
This may seem like a rationality for hypocrisy, however different situations mandate different responses, different roles; this is more readily seen because different roles maintain different responsibilities and therefore mandate different responses.

An example of this can be seen in human relationships.

A man may be the King of his castle at home, yet a servant while at work.

He may be a father to his son and therefore hold that prominent place of respect, yet when he is in the presence of his own father, he is to be the one displaying respect.

He is the same person, yet functions differently in different roles.

He may be a kind and loving father to his daughter, yet a stringent judge in the courtroom.

He may be the loving husband to his wife, yet the aggressive defender in his home taking the life of an intruder.

The person is the same, the essence of him has not changed, yet his roles and responsibilities are diverse in different situations, and therefore he displays different attributes.

Distinction between Attributes and Roles
In examining anyone we must always be aware of the role that the individual is playing at the time in order to evaluate the correctness of those attributes.

It is in examining those attributes that discretion must be seen according to the mandates of the situation.

It is rightly said that we should not judge one another as referred to in Matthew 7:1 (For the sake of this argument let us temporarily set aside the different Greek words for “judgment,” which can vary from unrighteous condemnation to righteous condemnation to evaluation for edification sake.  Whereas certain judgment is demanded in certain situations, such as: I Corinthians 5:12, 13; 6:2-5; 11:31;14:29; I Thessalonians 5:21 as compared to that which is condemned in other situations, such as: Matthew 7:1; Colossians 2:16; James 2:4;4:11,12), yet only of few verses later, Christ commanded that we judge concerning false prophets in Matthew 7:15-20.

What is the main difference in these two situations, it is the role of the one being evaluated, because they are a leader and therefore affect people in a different way than normal members of a group.

Wherein a false student may lead one or two astray, a good teacher will ferret them out; however, a false prophet (Remember that the word “Prophet” means “one who speaks for another,” and may not have anything to do with telling the future, such as the case of John the Baptist – see Luke 7:28, yet he never did miracles or told the future), especially in the role as a teacher, can do an immense amount of damage to many individuals; therefore because of their roles, and the responsibility that it entails, we are to evaluate or judge teachers because of this.

The role makes the difference, and as such, there should be different attributes that also follow.

Roles many times define attributes, or behaviors

The Roles of God
The reason this discussion is necessary is to distinguish those attributes that God displays during certain roles He performs at certain times in history, as compared to other roles at diverse times.

This is why individuals have made the mistake of stating that the God of the Old Testament is a warring God that kills and judges; and the God of the New Testament is a loving and forgiving God, as seen in Jesus.

God the Father is the same, and so is Jesus in both Testaments (Hebrews 13:8), yet it is in the roles that Jesus plays at certain times wherein the confusion lies.

It is when men do not take the “whole counsel of God” (Please see Endnote #3into consideration; by using the justification of the local context only, isolating it from the rest of Scripture in an attempt to make their own point.

Scriptural context is more than its local application; it is in its application to the Bible as a whole that it must be utilized.

When God the Father instructed the Israelites to kill every man, woman, and child of certain tribes and nations in the promised land, He did so as a Father that is protecting His own child from those that would later seek out to destroy that child by either destruction or genetic contamination.

God the Father’s role was that of a protecting father.

Yet,  how could one question the love of God the Father in that He would nail His own Son to the cross for His enemies, which He would then adopt.

The Role of Jesus in His First Coming
It is in misunderstanding the roles of Jesus Christ that many liberals rationalize pacifism.

They concentrate on Jesus in His First Coming and interpret Jesus’ essence according to those attributes of that particular role that He displays on this occasion.

This is why it is so helpful to understand that the four Gospels display four views of Jesus in His First Coming: that of the Matthew as the Messiah, the lion of the tribe of Judah; that of Mark as the suffering servant; that of Luke as the perfect man; and that of John as the Son of God.

Without the benefit of this perspective many concentrate only on Jesus as the suffering servant, and therefore only see him as demanding that everyone always turn the cheek.

The Different Roles in Learning for the Disciples Regarding Swords
While Jesus instructed the 70 disciples not take a sword with them on their first Ministry training outreach (Matthew 10:10), they forget that Jesus later speaking concerning His upcoming departure instructed them to carry a sword (Luke 22:36).

Jesus Example of Diverse Roles
When some speak about Jesus’ kindness, they do so by isolating Him from the contempt He showed to the Pharisees, or the intolerance he displayed to the opportunist when He turned over their money tables in the Temple courtyard, twice (John 2:15 & Matthew 21:12).

And most importantly they separate Him from the role He will play at His Second Coming, that of a warring conqueror claiming His prize.

They allegorize fire coming from His mouth as not being literal, and the expense of the fact that He will kill millions of people.

His role at this time is defending Israel, and vanquishing the earth dwellers.

They also seem to have a hard time with the Christophanies of the Old Testament, the fact that Joshua was confronted by Him at night wearing a soldier’s uniform, a sword drawn in his hand, and announcing that He is the captain of the Lord’s Host, meaning that He is the very highest ranking warrior leader of God’s armies (Joshua 5:14), yet He demanded worship; something only God would do – that only Jesus COULD do (the same same thing He did many years earlier with Moses at the burning bush – Exod. 3:2).

The world either wants to keep Jesus as a baby at Christmas who has no power; or as a pacifist unwilling to display power; either way, they can avoid His sovereignty and power and ability to do different roles, all to their own demise.

Caveat
Understanding that God displays different attributes according to the role He is fulfilling at that time, we must still understand the deficiency in defining God according to those, or any attributes; because attributes are not a definition of essence.

And whenever we attempt to define God according to His attributes we in attempt to minimize and compartmentalize Him.

We attempt to bring Him down to our capacity to understand.

How can the finite define the infinite?

It can’t, and any attempt to do so is condescending.

Yet, at the same time, we are intellectual creatures, created with logic and rationality, and have a need to understand anything and everything.

And by necessity, we must attempt to understand or define God in certain ways, while at the same time; regarding the task with great reverence, and some things beyond our own ability.

We can never wrap our arms or minds around God, and to think we can to any large extent is blasphemous.

Yet, how do we know which God is really God.  God is a title and not a personal name or descriptor.

So which deity is truly deity?

This can only be accomplished by the mere act of attempting to understand, and therefore define that deity, but to do so in reverence and awe.

Technical Definition
Elwell’s Evangelical Dictionary of Theology says, concerning the attributes of God:

God is an invisible, personal, and living Spirit, distinguished from all other spirits by several kinds of attributes: metaphysically God is self-existent, eternal, and unchanging; intellectually God is omniscient, faithful, and wise; ethically God is just, merciful, and loving; emotionally God detests evil, is long-suffering, and is compassionate; existentially God is free, authentic, and omnipotent; relationally God is transcendent in being immanent universally in providential activity, and immanent with his people in redemptive activity. (Please see Endnote #4 for source)

Answer to the Question
Of those attributes which are observable concerning God, if I had to name one that was most appealing to me, it would be that attribute for which my whole existence hinges, that of God’s mercy.

We know that mercy is not receiving that negative reward we deserve, and that grace is receiving that benefit we do not deserve.

Therefore, it is difficult at best to separate grace from mercy.

What is most amazing is that God in His infinite wisdom could display both attributes of justice as well as mercy, because they are mutually exclusive.

To display mercy mandates the restraint of justice; to display justice mandates lacking the ability to display mercy.

Yet God, as only God could; devised a means to maintain both of these attributes; while also maintaining an attribute just as necessary, that of integrity.

In comparison, how unfortunate for those deceived by the false religion of Islam.

The non-existent god of Islam, lacks mercy as well as integrity.  This imaginary god is as inconsistent, as he is cruel.

By contrast, we as Christians have a heavenly Father, who in His role as Father, is invincible; we have a Savior, who in His role as Savior is the perfect perpetuation for sin.

Their mercy and grace unwavering, and their integrity unceasing.

Greek Grammar Book

The Main Teaching – The How of this Article

The following post is an example (taken from an earlier post) concerning the difference between the internal essences (sometimes called the make-up) and external attributes (as also seen in the roles we play); and should help in understanding this subject a bit more.

Unfortunately, due to the fact that many of us do not understand koiné Greek we are  unaware of many grammatical principles which alter the understanding of some verses when translated into the English vernacular.

In Koiné Greek, verbs ending in “oo” indicate that what is already on the inside is then displayed on the outside (which is not the same as asserting that what is seen on the outside creates what is on the inside, in fact it is antithetical to this)

Due to not being aware of this Greek grammatical principle divisions have been created within the English-speaking church, to the extent that denominations have been severed concerning such teaching as “works as a part of faith,” as opposed to “faith alone” regarding salvation, as well as the Christian walk.

One of the main texts that have been used to assert that works are necessarily a part of faith is taken from James 2:21, which would appear to indicate that Abraham was saved not by faith alone, but when works were added, as seen in:

James 2:21 ~ “Was not Abraham our father justified [Greek: dikaioo] by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar” James is not saying that Abraham’s works made him justified before God, but that Abraham’s works were the outside manifestation of what had already taken place on the inside, Abraham was already justified by God prior to this event.

In this passage, James is referring to Abraham’s offering of Isaac as proof of his faith which is referred to in Genesis chapter 22, when Abraham was over 125 years old, perhaps even 130 years old (making Isaac at least thirty years old, and as far as some topologists are concerned, Isaac would’ve have had to been thirty-three years old to fit the typology of Christ’s crucifixion)

Yet, we understand that Abraham’s saving faith in which God counted it “for righteousness” occurred over at least forty years prior to this as recorded in:

Genesis 15:6 ~ “And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.”

Therefore, it is impossible for James to be stating that Abraham was saved by faith when he offered up Isaac more than forty years after Genesis 15:6, which is when he displayed saving faith (in which God counted it as righteousness) by believing God’s promise concerning becoming a mighty nation, by first having a physical son of his own. 

What is easily understood especially in light of the Greek grammatical principle concerning Greek verbs ending in “oo”, is that James is stating that what was already on the inside of Abraham, saving faith in God, was fully displayed in the act of him being prepared to take the life of his son according to God’s direction.

This also clears up the misunderstanding that somehow presupposes that James teaching on faith is opposed to Paul’s teaching on faith.  By example, Paul states in:

Romans 4:3-5 ~ “For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth [Greek: dikaioo] the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.”

Here, Paul is quoting from Genesis 15:6, when Abraham was around 85 years old, and is being justified according to his faith by God. 

Paul uses the same Greek verb for justifieth, indicating that he then was exercising that faith that had already dwelt on the inside concern in God and his promises. 

We must remember that it was God that ten years before had instructed Abram to leave his home and relatives to go to a new land that God would later show him. 

Abram delayed his departure until his father had died (according to Stephen ~ Acts 7:4), then disobeyed God by taking his nephew Lot with him. 

So though Abraham had faith in God, it had not matured to the place of confidence that would mandate obedience. 

Yet, the scripture is quick to tell us that it was his belief in God’s promise, not Abrams works wherein God saw his heart and imputed righteousness to him.

We understand that justification is God’s declaration that a person be treated as if he is innocent of the charges made against them. 

It is a declaration of immunity, being acquitted, not a pronouncement based upon evidence, but in spite of it.  In reference to justification, Paul declares in:

Romans 4:1-8 ~ “What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works, Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.”

Therefore, what James says in James 2:21 & James 2:21; agrees with Paul says in Ephesians 2:8-9; whereas James states that Abraham displayed (what was on the inside was exhibited on the outside) his saving faith by his work (Deed), of trusting God when he was preparing to present his son as a sacrifice, this was 40-50 years after he was already saved by his faith in God as recorded in Genesis 15:6 (Paul states in Romans 4:3; 4:9; Galatians 3:6, that Abraham received his salvation when he first exercised faith back at Genesis 15:6).

Other Examples of this Type of Verb
Another example concerning Greek verbs ending in “oo(which indicate that what is already on the inside is then displayed on the outside) can be found concerning the Transfiguration of Christ as recorded in:

Matthew 17:2, regarding the Transfiguration of Christ, where the word: “transfigure” (Greek: metamorphoo), means to change the appearance or form, yet it does not denote the change of the substance of that thing, but simply its appearance (with the use of this word, transfigure, we are forced to focus on Christ’s physical appearance).

And with the verb utilizing the “oo,” ending we further understand that the change referred to here is to display the radiance of his glory physically, exhibiting what is already on the inside, to the outside, which is Christ’s Divinity in visible form.

John 1:14, which speaks about Jesus incarnation, states that he “tabernacled”(Greek: skennoo), also translated: “dwelt among us.” As seen from above, with this Greek verb (such as tabernacled) ending in “oo“, it indicates that “what is on the inside is displayed on the outside.”

The verb is used here concerns Jesus being made flesh, in regards to Him displaying in His behavior (on the outside ~ in regards to the use of the word tabernacled among men, we are forced to focus Christ’s behavior), that which had already existed in His essence, His Holiness as the only begotten Son of God, the “Word (Greek: Logos: “the literal communication”) of God, Personified.”

Ephesians 3:16, concerning the word: “strengthened” (Greek: krataioo), concerning the believers who have been “strengthened” on the inside by the Holy Spirit which should be exhibited on the outside.

What we must also understand concerning this word, “strengthened (noticed that it is past tense in the English), is that in the Greek grammar, it is in the passive voice, meaning that the person receives the power from another, not from themselves; and that it is in the aorist tense, meaning that the action occurred in the past (it occurred “Once & for all.” The action occurred or was made possible when Jesus died on the cross, giving the opportunity for the Holy Spirit to indwell the believers according to salvation as adopted sons of God) and it is in the indicative mood, meaning that it is a complete certainty (A reality ~ it is a done  deal,completed).

Therefore, with this in mind, what this verse indicates is that by becoming a believer and therefore having the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, there is power available to the believer which indwells on the inside and should be displayed on the outside. This is what true witnessing is all about; this is what 1 Peter 3:15 also alludes to.

It is not saying that there is only an exterior application, but that there is an interior meaning that is expressed in the exterior as well.

It is simply stating the fact that the outside is showing what’s going already on the inside

Final Thought
If you use a Greek Parallel Interlinear New Testament, you will notice that the spelling for the verbs referenced above (justification, transfigured, dwelt, and strengthened) in the Greek language do not display two “oo,” just one.

This is because in a Greek Parallel Interlinear New Testament, the Greek words are combined into cognates and not distinguished individually.

However, if you utilize a Bible Dictionary on Greek (Such as: Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words; Expository Dictionary of Bible Words, Larry Richards;  Jamieson, Fausset, Brown; Word Studies in the Greek New Testament, Kenneth S. Wuest; Word Meanings in the New Testament, Ralph Earl; Hebrew-Greek Key Study Bible & Word Studies, Spiros Zodhiates), as well as any of the current computer dictionary programs; the spelling of the individual words will be with the double “oo” ending.  Thayer’s Greek Dictionary is used concerning the above translation.

Concerning grammatical reference to the utilization of “oo” in Greek verbs wherein its usage “indicates that what is already present on the inside is then displayed on the outside:” Dr. Wayne A. Barber’s book, “The Surrendered Walk,” page 28 gives reference, as well as other books and manuals which teach Koiné Greek.

Endnote
1.  “Seven Great Bible Paradoxes”

http://www.sermoncentral.com/sermons/seven-great-bible-paradoxes-rodelio-mallari-sermon-on-bible-truth-151576.asp?Page=1

2.  Essence vs. Attributes, Dictionary Definitions

A common problem that I see in the church today is confusing attributes and essence.

The essence of something is what it is in its makeup, whereas the attributes are behaviors (which can be seen and therefore identified, which is not true of essence), which are simply displays that radiate from, and are distinct from the essence that created them.

It is very common for people to mistake attributes for essence, and falling short in their understanding many times they misinterpret the essence of something because the attributes or behaviors may vary in diverse situations.

Attributes may be generic, with different people sharing the same type of attribute, yet the essence of each individual is never the same as each individual is their own person and distinct.

Dictionary References

Essence
From Medieval Latin essentia, from Latin: “the being… (of something), from esse to be.”

1. The characteristic or intrinsic feature of a thing, which determines its identity; fundamental nature.
2. The most distinctive element of a thing.
3. A perfect or complete form of something, esp a person who typifies an abstract quality.
4. In Philosophy
a. the unchanging and unchangeable nature of something which is necessary to its being the thing it is; its necessary properties compare.
     b. the properties in virtue of which something is called by its name.
     c. the nature of something as distinct from, and logically prior to, its existence.
5. Christian Religious Writings / Theology:  Theol an immaterial or spiritual entity. (Collins Essential English Dictionary)

Essence
The permanent as contrasted with the accidental element of being. The individual, real, or ultimate nature of a thing especially as opposed to its existence. The most significant element, quality, or aspect of a thing or person. (Merriam-Webster)

Essence
The basic, real, and invariable nature of a thing or its significant individual feature or features. A substance obtained from a plant, drug, or the like, by distillation, infusion, etc., and containing its characteristic properties in concentrated form. Philosophy. The inward nature, true substance, or constitution of anything, as opposed to what is accidental, phenomenal, illusory, etc. Essentially; at bottom, often despite appearances. Absolutely essential; critical; crucial. (Random House Dictionary)

Attributes
To regard as resulting from a specified cause; consider as caused by something indicated. To consider as a quality or characteristic of the person, thing, group, etc. To consider as made by the one indicated, esp. with strong evidence but in the absence of conclusive proof. To regard as produced by or originating in the time, period, place, etc. (Random House Dictionary)

Attributes
To relate to a particular cause or source; ascribe: attributed their failure to a lack of preparation. To regard as the work of a specified agent, place, or time. A quality or characteristic inherent in or ascribed to someone or something. An object associated with and serving to identify a character, personage, or office. Grammar, a word or phrase syntactically subordinate to another word or phrase that it modifies. (The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language)

Roles
The following may seem like rationality for hypocrisy, however, different roles / situations mandate different responses, this is more readily seen because different roles maintain different responsibilities and therefore mandate different responses.

An example of roles can be seen in human relationships.

A man may be the King of his castle at home, yet a servant while at work.

He may have ultimate authority as a father to his son, and therefore hold that prominent place of respect, yet when he is in the presence of his own father, he is to the one that displays submission and respect (Biblical “honor”).

He is the same person, yet functions differently in different roles. At home, a man may be a kind and loving father to his daughter, yet in his profession he may be a stringent judge in the courtroom.

In his role as a husband, he may be the loving mate to his wife, yet the aggressive defender of his home taking the life of an intruder.

The person is the same, the essence of him has not changed, yet his roles and responsibilities are diverse in different situations, and therefore he displays different attributes.

There is an old English euphemism which describes the diversity of roles that a single individual may maintain, when we say that: “he is a man that wears many different hats,” referring to the different roles and responsibilities that a single individual may be accountable concerning.

This adage displays our understanding that while it may be the same individual who wears diverse hats, yet he functions differently according to those roles that he may undertake. His essence is always the same no matter which hat he may wear, yet each individual role or responsibility may display different attributes.  While true attributes flow out of essence, and some maintain that attributes are part of the essence, this definition breaks down when dealing with matters of the soul (Greek: psuche), and spirit (Greek: pneuma).

Attributes
Humans relate to our environment (which includes each other) solely and specifically regarding our five senses, which defines our perception of something or someone, and which is described in observational terms as the attributes of the essence that we encounter.

Therefore, these attributes are relatable concerning observable and definable behaviors and actions that are the outward manifestation (attributes), as compared to the essence which is unobservable and hidden from the five senses.

As the philosophers have said, you do not see me (my essence), but the abode (my body which is defined by its attributes of behavior) I now dwell in.

As Isaiah 53:2-3 says concerning the Messiah:

“For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.”

These Scriptures refer to Jesus’ physical presence his attributes that He displayed as a man, yet it was at the Transfiguration (Matthew 17:2) that what was on the inside of Jesus, His essence was radiated (at least as much as fallen man could conceive).

Distinction between Attributes & Roles
In examining anyone we must always be aware of the role that the individual is playing at the time in order to evaluate the correctness of those attributes. It is in examining those attributes, or behaviors that discretion must be seen according to the mandates of the situation.

It is rightly said that we should not judge one another as referred to in Matthew 7:1 (for the sake of this argument let us temporarily set aside the different Greek words for “judgment,” which can vary from unrighteous condemnation to righteous condemnation to evaluation for edification’s sake.  Whereas certain judgment is demanded in certain situations, such as: I Corinthians 5:12, 13; 6:2-5; 11:31;14:29; I Thessalonians 5:21 as compared to that which is condemned in other situations, such as: Matthew 7:1; Colossians 2:16; James 2:4;4:11,12), yet only a few verses later, Christ commanded that we judge concerning false prophets in Matthew 7:15-20.

What is the main difference in these two situations?

It is the role of the one being evaluated, because they are a leader and therefore affect people in a different way than normal members of a group.

Wherein a false student may lead one or two astray, a good teacher will ferret them out; however, a false prophet (Remember that the word “Prophet” means one who speaks for another, and may not have anything to do with telling the future, such as the case of John the Baptist), especially in the role as a teacher, can do an immense amount of damage to many individuals; therefore because of their roles, and the responsibility that it entails, we are to evaluate or judge teachers because of this.

The role makes the difference, and as such, there should be different attributes that also follow.

Roles many times define attributes, or behaviors.

The Roles of God
The reason this discussion is necessary is to distinguish those attributes that God displays during certain roles He performs at certain times in history, as compared to other roles at diverse times.

This is why individuals have made the mistake of stating that the God of the Old Testament is a warring God that kills and judges; and the God of the New Testament is a loving and forgiving God, as seen in Jesus.

God the Father is the same, and so is Jesus in both Testaments, yet it is in the roles that they play at certain times wherein the confusion lies.

It is when men do not take the “whole counsel of God” (Acts 20:27) into consideration; by using the justification of the local context only, isolating it from the rest of Scripture in an attempt to make their own point. Scriptural context is more than its local application; it is in its application to the Bible as a whole that it must be utilized.

When God the Father instructed the Israelites to kill every man, woman, and child of certain tribes and nations in the promised land, He did so as a father that is protecting His own child from those that would later seek out to destroy that child by either destruction or genetic contamination. God the Father’s role was that of a protecting father.

Yet, how could one question the love of God the Father in that He would nail His own Son to the cross for His enemies, which He would then adopt.

It is in misunderstanding the roles of Jesus Christ that many liberals rationalize pacifism.

They concentrate on Jesus in His First Coming and interpret Jesus’ essence according to those attributes of that particular role that He displayed on that occasion.

This is why it is so helpful to understand that the four Gospels display four views of Jesus in His First Coming: that of Matthew as the Messiah, the lion of the tribe of Judah; that of Mark as the suffering servant; that of Luke as the perfect man; and that of John as the son of God.

Without the benefit of this perspective many concentrate only on Jesus as the suffering servant, and therefore only see Him as demanding that everyone always turn the cheek.

While Jesus instructed the 70 disciples to not take a sword with them on their first Ministry training outreach (Matthew 10:10; Luke 10:1), they forget that Jesus later speaking concerning His upcoming departure instructed them to carry a sword (Luke 22:36).

When they speak about His kindness, they do so by isolating Him from the contempt He showed to the Pharisees, or the intolerance He displayed to the opportunists when He turned over their money tables in the Temple courtyard.

And most importantly they separate Him from the role He will play at His Second Coming, that of a warring conqueror claiming His prize.

They allegorize fire coming from His mouth, and the fact that He will kill millions of people.

His role at this time is defending Israel, and vanquishing the earth dwellers by killing millions of people.

They also seem to have a hard time with the Christophanies of the Old Testament, the fact that Joshua was confronted by Him at night wearing a soldier’s uniform, a sword drawn in His hand, and announcing that he is the captain of the Lord’s Host, meaning that He is the very highest ranking warrior leader of God’s armies.

The world either wants to keep Jesus as a baby at Christmas who has no power; or as a pacifist unwilling to display power; either way, they can avoid His sovereignty to their own demise.

Caveat
Understanding that God displays different attributes according to the role He is fulfilling at that time, we must still understand the deficiency in defining God according to those, or any attributes; because attributes are not a definition of essence.

And whenever we attempt to define God according to His attributes we in essence attempt to minimize and compartmentalize Him.

We attempt to bring Him down to our capacity to understand.

How can the finite define the infinite?

It can’t, and any attempt to do so is condescending.

Yet at the same time, we are intellectual creatures, created with logic and rationality, and have a need to understand anything and everything.

And by necessity, we must attempt to understand or define God, while at the same time; regarding the task with great reverence.

We can never wrap our arms or minds around God, and to think we can to any large extent is blasphemous.

Yet, how do we know which God is really God? God is a title and not a personal name or descriptor.

So which deity is truly deity?

This can only be accomplished by the mere act of attempting to understand, and therefore define that deity, but to do so in reverence and awe.

Technical Definition
Elwell’s Evangelical Dictionary of Theology says, concerning the attributes of God:

God is an invisible, personal, and living Spirit, distinguished from all other spirits by several kinds of attributes: metaphysically God is self-existent, eternal, and unchanging; intellectually God is omniscient, faithful, and wise; ethically God is just, merciful, and loving; emotionally God detests evil, is long-suffering, and is compassionate; existentially God is free, authentic, and omnipotent; relationally God is transcendent in being immanent universally in providential activity, and immanent with his people in redemptive activity.

Answer to the Question
Of those attributes which are observable concerning God, if I had to name one that was most appealing to me, it would be that attribute for which my whole existence hinges: that of God’s mercy.

We know that mercy is not receiving that negative reward we deserve, and that grace is receiving that benefit we do not deserve.

Therefore, it is difficult at best to separate grace from mercy.

What is most amazing is that God in His infinite wisdom could display both attributes of justice as well as mercy, because they are mutually exclusive. To display mercy mandates the restraint of justice; to display justice mandates lacking the ability to display mercy.

Yet God, as only God could; devised a means to maintain both of these attributes; while also maintaining an attribute just as necessary, that of integrity.

In comparison, how unfortunate for those deceived by the false religion of Islam, their non-existent god lacks mercy as well as integrity, and is as inconsistent and capricious as he is cruel.

By contrast, we as Christians have a heavenly Father, who in His role as Father is invincible; we have a Savior, who in His role as Savior is the perfect propitiation for sin. Their mercy and grace unwavering and Their integrity unceasing. (Brent Bolin)

3.  Acts 20:27 – “For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.”

4.  Elwell’s Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, Walter A. Elwell, Baker Book House Company,Grand Rapids, MI49546, USA, 1984, electronic media.

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Faith Bible Ministries Blog ~ An Online Study of the Bible

“So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.” ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This online Bible study series addresses primary New Testament words in their original language - Koinè Greek - as opposed to mainly using the English translations; which is like adding color to a black-and-white picture.

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"So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God"

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"So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God"

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