The Church is Not the New Israel – Israel Contrasted with the Church

The 9th, 10th, and 11th chapters of Romans deals exclusively with Israel, and it’s yet future destiny in prophecy.  Romans 11:1-2b, states:

“I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew.”

And Romans 11:25-31, which states:

“For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins. As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers’ sakes. For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance. For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief: Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.”

Israel’s Future
Without getting into the more complicated prophecies as found in the 9th chapter of Daniel, referred to as a 70 weeks of Daniel prophecy; it is blatantly apparent that Israel has never been cast away from God permanently, though there are 2 distinct diasporas; the Babylonian captivity of Nebuchadnezzar, and the siege of Titus in the year 70 A.D.

Yet God has never cast his people aside, in fact he had referred to Israel as the “apple of his eye”,  as found in Deuteronomy 32:9-10, which states: 

For the LORD’S portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance. He found him in a desert land, and in the waste howling wilderness; he led him about, he instructed him, he kept him as the apple of his eye.”

God’s Promises To Abraham
The promises that God made to the father of Israel, Abraham were unconditional, wherein at the outset when God set up the covenant with Abraham (See Endnote #1), he did so based upon an unbreakable commitment and promise that he made to Abraham and his descendents as seen in the 15th chapter of Genesis, which states:

“After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward. And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus? And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir. And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir. And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be. And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness. And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it. And he said, Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it? And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon. And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not. And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away. And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him. And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance. And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age. But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full. And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces. In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.” 

Covenant between the pieces

Tradition of a Covenant
There is a tradition which God had set out that when 2 individuals wish to set up a covenant – a contract, that they would find a small little ravine (6 feet or 8 feet long), take certain sacrificial animals that they would cut in half and place on each side of this ravine; and that the participants would walk down the middle of the ravine between the sacrificed animals repeating their pledge to each other, that if either one breaks a pledge that what happened to the animals, would happen to them – that they would be killed and destroyed along with their property.

In the above passage you see that Abraham was asleep and did not walk between the sacrificial animals, but that a smoking furnace and a burning lamp walked between the animals alone.  This is how God presented himself in the situation


Strange Symbols
The smoking furnace symbolize the affliction that Abraham’s seed would go through in Egypt (Deuteronomy 4:20; Isaiah 48:10), and the burning lamp signified comfort in the affliction (Isaiah 62:1; Exodus 3: 2).  God has utilized fire is a symbol of Himself as seen in the following passages: Exodus 14:24; Exodus 19:18; 1 Kings 18:38; Acts 2:3-4

John Gill’s Exposition on the Entire Bible states concerning the symbols:

behold a smoking furnace; or the likeness of one, as Aben Ezra notes; for all this was represented in a visionary way to Abram, and was an emblem of the great troubles and afflictions of the children of Israel in Egypt, called the iron furnace, Deu_4:20, and may have respect to the furnaces in which they burnt the bricks they made, see Exo_9:8; the Jewish paraphrases make this to be a representation of hell, which is prepared for the wicked in the world to come, as a furnace surrounded with sparks and flames of fire; and Jarchi says, it intimated to Abram, that the kingdoms would fall into hell:

and a burning lamp, that passed between those pieces; or a lamp of fire (o); an emblem of the Shechinah, or majesty of God, who afterwards appeared in a pillar of fire before the Israelites in the wilderness, after their deliverance out of Egypt, and when their salvation went forth as a lamp that burneth, of which this was a token: this burning lamp passed between the pieces of the heifer, goat, and ram, that Abram had divided in the midst, as was usually done when covenants were made, see Jer_34:18; and here God made a covenant with Abram, as appears from Gen_15:18; and, as a confirmation of it, passed between the pieces in a lamp of fire, showing that he was and would be the light and salvation of his people, Abram’s seed, and an avenger of their enemies; only God passed between the pieces, not Abram, this covenant being as others God makes with men, only on one side; God, in covenanting with men, promises and gives something unto them, but men give nothing to him, but receive from him, as was the case between God and Abram: however, it is very probable, that this lamp of fire consumed the pieces, in like manner as fire from heaven used to fall upon and consume the sacrifices, in token of God’s acceptance of them.

Other Promises to Abraham
There are other promises that he made to Abraham which were conditional, yet the promise of a great nation coming out of his loins, and of the land of Israel belonging to him, yet occupied to Israel, would never cease
(See Endnote #1) .

The Heresy of the Church
When Martin Luther separated from the church and declared its teachings as heretical, there are 2 areas wherein he maintained Catholic theology which are heretical, and have come through the centuries through the Orthodox Church, one of them has to do with Israel.

Though Martin Luther believed in a literal translation of the Bible he maintained certain aspects of the Catholic eschatology concerning prophecy as seen in him allegorizing the book of Revelation and many other prophetic books.  

Yet it is his continuance to maintain what is referred to as replacement theology within the Catholic Church, which was presented that the Catholic Church had inherited Israel’s birthright, with God setting Israel aside for ever, and the church taking her place.

This heretical teaching has persisted within major Protestant Orthodoxy such as within the following denomination and churches:

Replacement Theology

Anglican, Lutheran, all Reformed churches, Presbyterian, Episcopalian, Congregationalist, Puritans and Separatist, Wesleyan, and even and the more current Pentecostal movements which promote what is referred to as “Supersessionism,” “Reformed Theology,” “Covenant Theology,” “Restoration Theology,” “Dominion Theology,” “Kingdom Now Theology,” “Word of faith,” “Emergent Church,” with connections to the “Vineyard” Movement, “The Manifest Sons of God” Movement, “Latter Rain” Movement, “The Kansas City Prophets,” “New Apostolic Reformation,” and many other heresies and Christian cults; not to mention the religion that started it all, Catholicism.

For than 1600 years, since the teachings of Origen Adamantius (See Endnote #2) and Constantine, the fathers of what would become the Roman Catholic Church; have promoted and taught that Israel is no more, they are cursed of God, with their promises and blessings passed on to the church.

This heretical teaching has been utilized by Hitler and many other dictators and Kings that have committed genocide against the Jews.

The one way I know to debunk this heresy is an thorough examination of the word of God in regards to the contrast and differences between the church and Israel, wherein these 2 distinct entities never cross over to each other, wherein one takes the place of the other.

They are different in their structure and their makeup, their history and their future.  

For those that hold to this heretical belief please read and study the following and allow God’s word in the Holy Spirit to lead you concerning this teaching.

It is only in examining the contrasts and differences between Israel and the church, that clarity can be achieved.

Israel is a nation chosen by God and sustained by covenant promises (Deut. 7:6-9). Not all individuals in this chosen nation are saved (Rom. 9:6; 11:28). The Church is a called out assembly of believers who have been “spirit baptized” into the body of Christ (1 Cor. 12:13). Every member of the body of Christ is saved, though there are multitudes of professing Christians who may not be saved (2 Tim 2:19).
Israel traces its origin to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (Jacob being the father of the twelve tribes). The Church traces its origin to the day of Pentecost (Acts 2) when believers were first placed into the body of Christ.
In God’s program for Israel, His witnesses comprised a nation (Isaiah 43:10). In God’s program for the Church, His witnesses are among all nations (Acts 1:8).
God’s program for Israel centered in Jerusalem (Matt. 23:37) and will again center in Jerusalem during the Tribulation (Matt. 24:15-20) and during the Millennium (Isaiah 2:1-5). God’s program for His Church began in Jerusalem and extended to the uttermost parts of the earth (Luke 24:47; Acts 1:8). The Church is identified with the risen Christ, not with any earthly city.
The hope and expectancy of Israel was earthly, centering in the establishment of the Kingdom of the Messiah foretold by the prophets (Jer. 23:5-8; Isaiah 2:1-5; 11:1-16). The hope and expectancy of the Church is heavenly, centering in the glorious appearing of Christ to take His people to heaven (John 14:1-3; Phil. 3:20-21; Col. 3:1-4; 1 Thess. 4:13-18).
God’s purpose and program for Israel was revealed in the Old Testament Scriptures. God’s purpose and program for the Church was not revealed in the Old Testament, but was revealed by the New Testament apostles and prophets (Eph. 3:5).
Israel’s history which is in view in Daniel 9:24 (the 70 weeks or 490 years) involved animal sacrifices. These years will include the tribulation. Israel’s millennial history will involve the same (Ezek. 43:27). The Church’s history does not involve animal sacrifices. Messiah’s sacrifice is remembered by means of the Lord’s Supper.
Israel’s history which is in view in Daniel 9:24 (the 490 years including also the Tribulation) involves a temple in Jerusalem. The same will be true in the Millennium (Ezek. Chapters 40-48). During most of the Church age there is no Jewish temple in Jerusalem. In this age God manifests His glory in His believers, both individually and collectively, designating them as His temple (1 Cor. 3:16; 6:19-20; Eph. 2:21-22). This is accomplished by the indwelling ministry of God the Holy Spirit.
Israel’s history which is in view in Daniel 9:24 (the 490 years) involves a priesthood limited to the sons of Aaron, and excluding most Israelites. The same applies to the Millennium when Zadokian priests (also sons of Aaron) will serve in the temple (Ezek. 40:46; 43:19; 44:15). During the Church age every true believer is a priest and able to offer spiritual sacrifices (praises) to the Lord (Heb. 13:15; 1 Pet. 2:9; Rev. 1:6). Whereas Israel had a priesthood, the Church is a priesthood.
Israel’s history which is in view in Daniel 9:24 (the 490 years) will terminate with the coming of the Messiah to the earth to establish His Kingdom reign. The Church’s history will end at the Rapture of the Church when the fullness of the Gentiles comes in (1 Thess. 4:13-18; Rom. 11:25).
During Israel’s history (the 490 years of Daniel 9:24 which also includes the Tribulation) the ethnic makeup of the world has two corresponding parts: Jews and Gentiles. This division of all people into Jews and Gentiles will also apply to those in the Millennial Kingdom in natural bodies. During the Church age from Pentecost to the Rapture the ethnic makeup of the world has three corresponding parts: Jews, Gentiles, and the Church of God (1 Cor. 10:32), the Church being composed of saved Jews and Gentiles united together in one Body (Eph. 2:15; 3:6).
During Israel’s history, from Sinai to the Millennial Kingdom (excluding the Church age), Israel’s role in the world will be characterized by PRIORITY (that is, they will have a leading role as God’s chosen people) see Deut. 4:6-8; Isaiah 43:10; Matt. 10:5-6; Zech. 8:23. During the Church age, Israel’s role in the world will be characterized by EQUALITY, Jew and Gentiles united together in one body to bear testimony to the risen Christ (Col. 3:11; Gal. 3:28).
Male Jews were circumcised as a sign of the Abrahamic Covenant. Believing Jews were circumcised in the heart (Jer. 4:4; Rom. 2:29). Believers of this age enjoy an internal circumcision not made with hands (Col. 2:11; Phil 3:3). Physical circumcision is not required.
Israel was under the law of Moses as a rule of life. The Church is under the “new creature” rule (Gal. 6:15-16).
Unbelieving Jews were physical children of Abraham and spiritual children of the devil (John 8:37-44). Every believer in Christ (every true member of the Church, whether Jew or Gentile) is a child of Abraham and a child of God (Rom. 4:11-12; Gal. 3:26-29). This does not mean that Church age believers are Israelite.
Israel was to observe the Sabbath Day (Exodus 20:8). Sabbath observance will also take place in the Tribulation (Matt. 24:20) and in the Millennium (Ezek. 46:1, 3). The Church is to be diligent and make every effort to enter into God’s rest (Heb. 4:9-11). This is a daily duty.
Membership into the Jewish nation was by birth or by becoming a proselyte (a convert to Judaism). Membership into the Church is by the new birth accomplished by the baptizing ministry of God (1 Cor. 12:13).
Israel’s place of worship centered in Jerusalem (Dan. 6:10; John 4:20) and this will also be true in the Tribulation (Dan. 9:27) and in the Millennium (Isaiah 2:1-5). The Church’s place of worship is “where two or three are gathered together in My Name” (Matt. 18:20; John 4:21-24). Christ is in the midst of His Churches (Rev. 1:13, 20).

The more we see a distinct plan for Israel in contrast to the distinct plan for the Church, the more we realize that when the New Testament speaks to the Church it is describing a separate destiny and hope for us as compared to Israel.

The Church becomes more distinct in the plan of God.

Israel will Recognize Their Lord – Their Messiah Jesus
Israel’s future includes the seven-year tribulation shortly before Christ’s return to Jerusalem when Israel will be converted to Jesus as their Messiah, as the veil is removed and Israel “shall look upon me whom they have pierced,” and recognize that it is Jesus that is their Messiah wherein they, though a remnant, shall be saved.

Hosea 5:15 – “I will go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their offence, and seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early.

Hosea 6:1-2 – “Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.

Zechariah 12:9-10 – “And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.

Isaiah 52:6“Therefore my people shall know my name: therefore they shall know in that day that I am he that doth speak: behold, it is I.


1.   Promises Made to Abraham and His Descendents Forever

The Abrahamic Covenant (Genesis 12:2-3; Genesis 15:1-6; Genesis 17:1-8)
The Basis of All Other Privileges*
Being Challenged by the World
The Palestinian Covenant (Genesis 15:18; Genesis 17:8; 2 Samuel 7:10)
Being Challenged by Islam
The Davidic Covenant (Genesis 49:10; Isaiah 7:13; Psalms 132:11; Psalms 89:3-4; Psalms 89:33-34;  2 Samuel 7:11-16; Psalms 89:20-29; Psalms 89:35-37)
Being Challenged by (Most) Churches
The Everlasting Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31-36)
With Israel, yet Claimed by Churches


Mosaic Covenant (Exodus 19-24)

Seven Blessings to Abraham
1) I will make thee a great nation
2) I will bless thee
3) I will make thy name great
4) thou shalt be a blessing
5) I will bless them that bless thee (Matthew 25:31-46, how Israel is treated during the tribulation)
6) I will curse them that curse thee (Matthew 25:31-46, how Israel is treated during the tribulation)
7) In thee shall all the families of the Earth be blessed

2. Origen

Who due to his teaching school and writings, laid more of a fundamentals for Christianity and what would become the foundation for the Catholic Church, more than any other historical church father, even though he was declared anathema in 553 AD by the Second Ecumenical Council of Constantinople and by three subsequent ecumenical councils, the teachings of the Catholic Church cannot be separated from his input.

Please leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Faith Bible Ministries Blog ~ An Online Study of the Bible

“So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.” ~~~~~~ This online Bible study series addresses primary New Testament words in their original language - Koinè Greek - as opposed to mainly using the English translations; which is like adding color to a black-and-white picture.

Faith Video Ministries

"So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God"

Faith Bible Ministries

"So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God"

%d bloggers like this: