Unfortunately, I do not remember who the original author is (2006), though according to my notes, I did have permission to reprint it. It appears correct, if anyone sees any errors or has any questions please advise – I did add quit a bit to it myself.
1491 The Birth of the Nation
in the Exodus: They went
into Egypt as a family; they
came out as a nation.
1445 Conquest of Promised Land
1095 Saul appointed as first king
(1 Sam 10:1).
1048 David captures Jerusalem
1004 Solomon dedicates First Temple
in Jerusalem at the Feast of
Tabernacles (2 Chr 6-7).
974 The civil war divides the Kingdom
into “Israel” & “Judah” down south
(1 Kgs 11).
721 Israel defeated by Assyria; northern tribes exiled.
607 Pharaoh Neco of Egypt defeated by Nebuchadnezzar at the Battle of Carchemish.
606 1st siege of Jerusalem by Babylon. Daniel & his three friends taken captive to
Babylon; vassal king rules (2 Kgs 24:2; Dan 1:1).
597 2nd siege of Jerusalem by Babylon; 10,000 deported including Ezekiel (2Kgs 24:11).
587 3rd siege of Jerusalem by Babylon. Jerusalem falls; Temple destroyed (2Kgs 25:2).
539 Persian Empire conquers Babylon (Dan 5). Daniel showed Cyrus God’s letter to Cyrus
(Isa 45). Cyrus orders return to rebuild their Temple—thus, the first regathering
445 Nehemiah gains authority to rebuild the city (and walls) of Jerusalem. This triggers
the 69 weeks of Daniel 9:25 (see Daniel’s 70 Weeks briefing pack).
332 Alexander the Great conquers the Persians, beginning the Hellenistic rule of Judea.
167 Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) ransacks Jerusalem, prohibits Torah practice, sets up the
“Abomination of Desolation” in the Temple. Maccabean revolt begins.
164 Temple recaptured and rededicated. Origin of Hanukkah celebration (Jn 10:22).
142 Hasmonean dynasty rules Jerusalem.
63 Roman army under Pompey conquers Judea.
40 Parthians conquer Judea.
37 Herod regains Jerusalem.
20 Herod begins reconstruction and expansion of the Temple.
1 Birth of Christ.
7 Caesar Augustus appoints Caponius Procurator. Removed judicial authority
from Judea: “The Scepter departed from Judah.”
28–32 Ministry of Jesus. Crucifixion under Herod Antipas. The tragedy of all history
(Mt 23: 37-39). National blindness decreed (Lk 19:40ff;Rom 11:25). Destruction
of Jerusalem predicted. The Diaspora begins (Lk 21:24). SEE LUKE 3:1
37–41 Roman emperor Caligula attempts to have his image established in the Temple.
66–73 Jewish revolt against the Romans.
70 Fall of Jerusalem: Second Temple destroyed by Titus. Not mentioned in the Gospels
nor in the epistles; this would have been used in apologetic arguments; significant
evidence for being written prior to a.d. 66. Also, Qumran evidences, et al.
73 Last stand of the Jewish revolt at Masada.
90 Council of Jabneh (Jamnia) redefines Judaism.
132 Bar Kochba revolt; destroys the 12th Legion; begin rebuilding the Temple.
135 Romans crush the Jewish revolt. Hadrian orders Jerusalem plowed under. He builds
Aelia Capitolina on the ruins with a temple to Jupiter built over the site of the Jewish
Temple. Names Israel “Palestina.”
313 Emperor Constantine legalizes Christianity throughout the Roman Empire; moves his
capital to Byzantium “Constantinople”).
378 Emperor Theodosius makes Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire.
570 Mohammed is born at Mecca. The Rise of Islam begins. (Syria fell in 634. Jerusalem,
637; Egypt, 638; Persia, 640; North Africa, 689; Spain, 711. Stopped at Tours,
614 Persians sack Jerusalem.
628 Byzantines recapture Jerusalem under Heraclius.
638 Jerusalem conquered by Caliph Omar. Muslim domination of Jerusalem begins.
732 Charles Martel defeats the Moors at Tours, France, arresting the incursion of Islam
750 Abbasid Dynasty of Baghdad seizes control of Jerusalem.
950 Egyptian-based Fatimid Dynasty conquers Jerusalem. All synagogues and churches
1071 Seljuks conquer Palestine and vandalize Jerusalem, persecuting both Jews
1097 Godfrey de Bouillon leads First Crusade to Jerusalem.
1099 Crusaders lay siege to Jerusalem and recapture city; wide-scale massacre of
almost 40,000 Jews and Muslims; Crusaders declare Jerusalem capital of their
1187 Muslims recapture Jerusalem under Saladin, who encourages Jews and Christians
to settle in Jerusalem and help him fight Latin Crusaders.
1241 Saladin dies; heirs battle each other; Germany brokers deal to return all of Jerusalem
except Temple Mount to Crusader control.
1244 Crusaders expelled from Jerusalem by mercenaries hired by Egyptian Sultan
1st (1097–1099): Captured Jerusalem.
2nd (1147–1149): Postponed the fall of Jerusalem.
3rd (1189–1191): army failed to reach Jerusalem.
4th (1201–1204): captured and plundered Constantinople.
5th (1228–1229): took Jerusalem, but soon lost it.
6th (1248–1254): a failure.
1291 Mamelukes rule from Cairo; Jerusalem becomes city of exile for dangerous criminals
and disfavored officials.
1516 Ottoman Empire succeeds Mameluke Empire. Jerusalem in Turkish hands for 400 yrs.
1537–41 Walls of Jerusalem rebuilt under Suleiman the Magnificent.
1544 Muslim authorities seal the Golden Gate because of a prophecy that the Messiah
would enter through this gate.
1799 Napoleon moves against Ottoman Empire from Egyptian front; stopped before
he reaches Jerusalem.
1860 Mishkenot Sha’ananim, first Jewish neighborhood built outside Jerusalem walls.
1881 Widespread programs in Russia reinforce Jewish national awakening.
1882 Publication of Leo Pinsker’s Auto-Emancipation, calling for the establishment
of a Jewish state. Beginning of the first wave of Zionist immigration to Palestine.
1894 Theodor Herzl attends the trial of Alfred Dreyfus in Paris and witnesses outpouring
of French anti-Semitism.
1896 Herzl’s Der Judenstaat (The Jewish State) published.
1897 Herzl convenes First Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland.
1915 Joseph Trumpeldor founds Zion Mule Corps of British Army in World War I,
the first Jewish fighting unit in centuries.
1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement signed by Britain, France and Russia.
1917 Balfour Declaration.
1919 Versailles Peace Conference. Wilson argues for self-determination of peoples.
Jewish-Arab accord: Jews claim Jewish home in Palestine; Arabs claim Arab
state from Iraq to Yemen (excluding Palestine).
1920 San Remo Conference. Valdimir Jabotinsky found Haganah, the Jewish
self-defense force, in Palestine.
1921 British decide to install Abdullah in “Trans-Jordan.” Samuel appoints haj
Amin al-Husseini, grand mufti of Jerusalem.
1922 League of Nations officially ratifies British Mandate over Palestine, with
aim of building Jewish National Home. Churchill White Paper creates
“Trans-Jordan” east of Jordan River, taking 78% of land allocated for
1925 Vladimir Jabotinsky found Zionist Revisionism, forerunner of the
Herut political party & the modern Likud Party
1929 Arab riots in Palestine. Massacre of Jews in Hebron and Safed.
Arabs demand end to Jewish immigration.
1930 British White Paper limits Jewish immigration to Palestine.
1933 Hitler comes to power in Germany.
1935 The Nuremberg Laws
1936–39 Campaign of Arab violence in Palestine. Arab rioters murder
500 Jews and thousands of Arabs, demanding an end to Jewish
immigration. Arab nationalist movements riot to stop Jewish
homeland in Palestine; throw their support to Hitler in World War II.
1937 British Peel Commission asserts that Jewish National Home cannot be
built in Palestine. Recommends repartition of Palestine into tiny
Jewish state (5% of total area) and Arab state in remainder. Peel
Plan is rejected by both Arabs and Jews. Britain halts Jewish immigration
to Palestine, condemning millions of European Jews to the Holocaust.
1938 Munich Conference and betrayal of the Czechs. Hitler is given the Sudetenland.
1939 Hitler overruns Czechoslovakia. Chamberlain White Paper announces end to
Jewish National Home and promises control of immigration into Palestine to
the Arabs within five years. British blockade Palestine against “illegal” Jewish
immigration. Hitler invades Poland. World War II begins.
1941 Mufti relocates to Berlin. Meets with Hitler; announces intention of creating
“fascist” Arab state, and agitates for the destruction of world Jewry. Instigates
terrorism against Arab moderates also.
1942 Nazi conference at Wannsee decides on destruction of all Jews in Europe.
1944 Jewish Brigade, part of the British forces, fights alongside the Allies.
1945 World War II ends. Liberation of the death camps where six million Jews died.
Arabs demand end to Jewish immigration to Palestine. “Illegal” smuggling of
Holocaust survivors into Palestine by Jews. Increase of Jewish underground
actions against British blockade and British administration in Palestine.
1946 Irgun bombs King David Hotel.
1947 Britain announces withdrawal from Palestine. United Nations announces
partition into Jewish and Arab states. Dead Sea Scrolls discovered.
1948 Invasion of Arab forces aimed at preventing the establishment of the Jewish State.
Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel. David Ben Gurion
first Prime Minister.
1948–49 Israel’s War of Independence. Arab armies from five countries invade Israel.
Jordanian forces occupy Judea, Samaria, and eastern half of Jerusalem,
including Old City and Temple Mount; Jordan annexes East Jerusalem;
destroying all Jewish settlements. Egypt occupies Gaza. War of Independence
ends in Jewish victory.
1948–52 800,000 Jews expelled from Arab countries. Most flee to Israel and are
absorbed. 650,000 Arabs flee from Israel and are confined to refugee camps.
1951 Yasser Arafat of the Husseini clan begins organizing Palestinian radicals in
Cairo and recruits Abu Iyad, Abu Jihad, and other future leaders of the PLO.
1952–56 Terrorist raids into Israel from adjoining Arab states, including
Egyptian-sponsored fedayeen raids from Gaza. Israeli army adopts
policy of reprisals.
1956 Sinai Campaign, Oct 29 – Nov 5. Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes Suez Canal
and blocks Israeli shipping. Israel captures Sinai from Egypt. Terrorist bases
in Gaza dismantled. U.S.-Soviet pressure forces Israeli withdrawal from Sinai
without peace treaty. Dwight Eisenhower guarantees protection of Israeli
1964 PLO is founded in Cairo with aim of “liberating” Palestine. PLO Charter calling
for Israel’s destruction adopted. Campaign of terror attacks across Israel’s
1967 Egypt floods Sinai with troops and blockades Israeli shipping in the Red Sea.
American guarantee to protect Israel fails to take effect.
Six Day War, June 5-10. Israel defeats combined forces of Egypt, Syria, Iraq,
and Jordan. Captures Sinai and Gaza, Judea and Samaria, and the
Golan Heights. Jerusalem is reunited. Jewish settlements in eastern
Jerusalem, Judea, and Samaria are reestablished. Moshe Dayan gives
administration of the Temple Mount to the Waqf, the High Muslim
Council of Jordan.
1968 PLO hijacking of Israeli airliner to Algeria marks beginning of PLO campaign of
1969 Yasser Arafat, head of the Fatah guerilla wing, gains control of the PLO.
1969–70 War of Attrition. Egypt and Syria launch campaign of continuous attacks
along Suez Canal and Golan Heights. PLO steps up terror attacks across
Jordan River. Heavy Israeli retaliation brings war to an end.
1970 Nasser dies and is succeeded by Anwar Sadat. PLO attempts to take over
Jordan. King Hussein massacres Palestinian Arabs and expels Arafat and
the PLO in “Black September.”
1971–75 PLO relocates to Lebanon and establishes de facto state on its territory,
which becomes base for all international terror organizations. PLO
campaign of massacres in northern Israel.
1972 Munich massacre of Israeli Olympic athletes earns PLO international notoriety.
1973 Yom Kippur War, Oct 5-24. Egypt and Syria launch surprise attack against Israel.
Despite heavy casualties, Israeli army reverses tide and advances toward Cairo
and Damascus. Arabs ask for cease fire after three weeks of fighting. Israel
negotiates disengagement agreement with Egypt and Syria, setting ceasefire
lines in the Sinai and the Golan. Arab oil embargo is imposed. International oil
prices rise dramatically.
1975 United Nations passes resolution defaming Zionism as racism (!) PLO control
of Lebanon is challenged, and full-scale civil war erupts between Moslems
1976 Syria invades Lebanon and sets up permanent control over more than half
of that country. (Western press ignores.) Israeli raid on Entebbe airport in
Uganda on July 4, frees 103 hostages held by PLO.
1977 Likud government elected in Israel. Menachem Begin is first Likud prime
minister. President Anwar Sadat of Egypt responds to Begin’s invitation
and visits Israel. (Leads to peace treaty in 1979.)
1978–79 First wave of Jewish emigration from Soviet Union as result of
Soviet-American détente reaches peak. 200,000 Soviet Jewish
immigrants arrive in Israel.
1979 Egypt and Israel sign Camp David Accords. Israel agrees to return Sinai.
1981 Anwar Sadat is assassinated.
1982 Israeli ambassador is shot in London by PLO. Israel invades Lebanon
with aim of dismantling PLO terror bases. PLO is expelled from Lebanon
and forced to relocate in Tunis.
1984 U.S. and Israel sign strategic cooperation agreement formalizing alliance.
1985 Israel withdraws from Lebanon and establishes security zone north of
Israeli-Lebanese border. Syria remains in control of most of Lebanon.
U.S. takes lead in war against terror after PLO hijacks Achille Lauro cruise
ship. Midair interception of terrorists by U.S. fighter planes.
1986 U.S. and Britain bomb Libya in retaliation for Libyan-supported terror attacks.
1987 PLO banned in U.S. for terrorist activities. Intifada, the Palestinian uprising begins.
1988 PLO pressures Jordan’s King Hussein into renouncing all claims to the West Bank;
from Algiers, PLO declares establishment of Palestinian state with capital
1989–91 Collapse of Soviet Union. Second wave of Soviet immigration to Israel brings
600,000 in five years.
1990 Israeli airlift brings most of Ethiopian Jewry to Israel. Saddam Hussein of
Iraq Invades Kuwait.
1991 Gulf War. U.S.-led international coalition drives Saddam from Kuwait. Israel
is attacked by Iraqi Scud missiles, but is kept from intervening by the U.S.
Madrid Peace Conference among Israel, Syria, Lebanon, and a
Jordanian-Palestinian delegation. Israel branded as the chief obstacle to
peace, and is pressured to negotiate with PLO representatives.
1992 Labor returns to power in Israel. Yitzhak Rabin becomes prime minister.
1992–93 Secret negotiations with the PLO in Oslo, Norway.
1992 Declarations of Principles (“Oslo I”) signed at the White House ceremony,
transferring control of Jericho and Gaza to PLO control.
1994 Peace Treaty signed with Jordan (Cf. Dan 11:41). Gaza Strip and Jericho
turned over to PLO control; Yassar Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin, and Shimon
Peres receive Nobel Peace Prize. Yasser Arafat: This is the man who
ordered the murder of the school children in Avivim, Ma’alot, and Antwerp;
of 11 Jewish Olympic athletes in Munich; of synagogue worshipers in Istanbul,
of a child and his pregnant mother in Alfeh Menashe, and of a mother an her
children on the bus in Jericho. This is the man who ordered innocent Arabs in
Nablus hanged by their chins on butcher’s hooks until they died; by whose
orders the bellies of pregnant Arab women were split open before the eyes
of their husbands and the hands of Arab children were chopped off while
their parents looked on. Clearly, there is little connection between character
and destiny. For Christmas, 1995, Bill Clinton and Yitzhak Rabin chipped in
to get Yasser Arafat a nice gift: Bethlehem.
1995 Interim Agreement (“Oslo II”) signed with the PLO which cedes Bethlehem,
Hebron, and over 450 villages to Palestinian control. Prime Minister
Yitzhak Rabin assassinated; Shimon Peres
1996 Benjamin Netanyahu wins first national election for Prime Minister.
“Final” status talks begin that will decide the fate of Jerusalem. (Cf. Zech 12:2ff)
1999 Ehud Barak elected Prime Minister. “Final” resolution targeted for Year 2000.
2000 Yasser Arafat rejected an unprecedented offer from Israel in exchange for
peace. Israel offered the Palestinians 97% of the West Bank, part of East
Jerusalem, the Gaza Strip, and the reunification of tens of thousands of
Palestinian family members. Palestinians responded to Israel’s peace
offering with violence and the second Palestinian Intifada was started
after Defense Minister Ariel Sharon visited the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
Supported by Palestinian security forces and encouraged by Palestinian
leaders, terrorists and Palestinian militia groups attacked Israeli outposts
2002 Bush urged the Palestinian people to replace Arafat, with a leader
“not compromised by terror.”
2004 Arafat died November 11 at age 75 after suffering a brain hemorrhage
and coma. He was admitted to the hospital October 29 with a blood
ailment and digestive problems that were never clearly
2005 President Bush welcomed new PA president Mahmoud Abbas to the White House.
2006 Israel Prime Minister Ariel Sharon suffered a debilitating stroke on January 4
and remains in a vegetative coma. Ehud Olmert was elected prime minister of Israel
on April 14. Israel’s formerprime minister Benjamin Netanyahu was re-elected
leader of the Likud party, cementing his grip on the main right-wing opposition party.
2006 Israel War with Lebanon. The conflict started on July 12 & continued until a
UN-brokered ceasefire went into effect on August 14, though it formally ended
on September 8, when Israel lifted its naval blockade of Lebanon. 175 Security
Council resolutions were passed before 1990: 97 were directed against Israel
(55%). Of the 690 General Assembly resolutions voted on before 1990: 429 were
directed against Israel (62%).
NOTE: I apologize for the poor formatting alignment, even though I spent over 3 hours trying to correct the alignment, this was the best so I could do.
Taken from: FaithBibleMinistries.com
Nice overview. Leaving aside the question of the validity of the Bible as historical truth, for the sake of completeness of overview I would start with Abraham, or at the very least from Jacob, who was “re-branded” as Israel after his struggle with the angel.
Great point. I will work on it in the future. The scope of the article was Israel as a Nation, which would be from the time the 12 families (Tribes) came together as a people group, which would be as they grew in Egypt during the time that Joseph was second to Pharaoh.
They were given the best land and God blessed them until a new pharaoh came to power after the death of Joseph as is stated by Stephen in Acts 7:17-19, which says:
“But when the time of the promise drew nigh, which God had sworn to Abraham, the people grew and multiplied in Egypt, Till another king arose, which knew not Joseph. The same dealt subtilly with our kindred, and evil entreated our fathers, so that they cast out their young children, to the end they might not live.”
What is interesting about this passage is in the Koiné Greek, there are 2 different words translated into the English word for “another.”
1). Another, of the same of the same kind.
2). Another, of the same of a different kind.
1). Whereas the Greek word (allos) [G243], translated “another” in the English means: another of the same type.
2).The Greek word (het’eros) [G2087], translated into the English word “another,” actually means: another of a different type.
An example of this is seen when comparing John 14:16, and Acts 7:18.
The John 14:16 passages states:
“And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another (allos) Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever”
And Acts 7:18, which states:
“Till another (het’eros) king arose, which knew not Joseph.”
In the first example, the word for “Another” as in John 14:16 means: the same of the same kind, in connecting Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit as being of the same essence.
However, the second example of the word “Another“, as in Acts 7:18 is an example of: the same of a different kind. Here, Stephen in giving the Old Testament Bible study, declares that the Pharaoh of the Exodus was not Egyptian (we learn from Isa. 52:4, that he was an Assyrian); he was “another king,” but of a different race.
When Moses speaks about this Pharaoh, it does not give any details as to there being any difference (though the Septuagint and the Talmud state the difference). Moses states in Exo. 1:8:
God had blessed them in the land, but He later used the jealousy of the Egyptians, and an outsider who became King desiring to apiece the Egyptians, who took away their lands and enslaved them so that they would be willing to look for another land, God’s Promised Land, the land God had already given to Abraham years before.
As stated is Hebrews 11:9:
“By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise”
And Acts 13:17 which says;
“The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought he them out of it.”
In all this our faith should grow seeing how God used even jealousy, persecution, and another Egyptian King; all to bring about His Will.
This is why this article focused on the Nation of Israel, however as I said, I think you are right to start with the Nation as it were still in Abram’s loins; as it was in Isaac’s loins; and as it was in Jacob’s loins as God said to him:
“And God said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel. And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins; And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give the land.” (Gen. 35:10-12)
Thank you for comments. Brent
That is very interesting, however, whether Egyptian kings are, in fact, Assyrians, is in my opinion of no consequence here.
Judaism as a religion is inseparable from Jews (=Israel) as a nation, and the nation, just as the religion, begins with Abraham. The Nation is therefore not in Abraham’s loins in an abstact sense, Abraham is the Nation. Since the Jews (including myself) consider Abraham to be The Father of the Nation and Abraham was the first Jew, beginning the history of Israel (=Jews) from Abraham seems to me the most logical point.
The point I was making was to show how God used an Egyptian King who was an outsider, an Assyrian to come against the Hebrews, in order to drive them to the Promised land – all to display why you should have faith in God, and therefore have faith in the Bible, which you questioned as history or not; in your first comment.
I agree the nation started with it’s father Abram, when he received the blessing based upon his faith; and God called him Abraham, however he was not the nation – the nation came from the 12 Tribes.
If it was only Abraham that was the marker of when the nation began why is God called the “God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob“, as stated in Exodus 3:15 says:
“And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.”
It says “your fathers…”
Abraham was not the first Jew, the term Jew came after the Babylonian captivity referring to the Tribe of Judah (The term Jew originates in the Biblical Hebrew word Yehudi meaning “from the Tribe of Judah”, “from the Kingdom of Judah, or “Jew”. ~ Even Wiki states this).
Abraham was the first Hebrew, as stated in genesis 14:13, which states:
“And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.”
Hebrew means “one who crosses over.”
Yet, rather the Nation started with the 12 Tribes, the sons of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham; or Abraham himself – the issue that is important is who do you – Michael say that Jesus is?
As Matthew 16:15-17 says:
“He [Jesus] saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.”
Listen to what Jesus said about men that calmed that being Abraham’s seed brought them special status:
“They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would do the works of Abraham. But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham. Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God. Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me. Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not. Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me? He that is of God heareth God’s words: ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God.” (John 8:39-47)
Michael the Pharisee Paul said:
“Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.” (Galatians 3:6-9)
It is faith in Yeshua the Messiah that makes you a true son of Abraham. It is following Abraham’s example of living in faith, faith in God’s ability to produce a sacrifice for his sins, as your sins and mine; that makes acceptable before God. If we stand in our own sins, we die in our own sins. It is Yeshua of Nazareth who died and paid the price for our sins, not Abraham.
Acts 3:13 says:
“The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let him go.”
And Galatians 3:11-29 says:
“But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise. Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.”
Michael if you know these things and are a Believer in Jesus, then your Father is God – Not a man, not Abraham; but God Himself.
As I’ve mentioned, I am a Jew, not a believer in Jesus. I think further discussion on the topic is unnecessary.
Once again, thank you for the overview of Jewish history, and I am glad we agree that the Fathers and Mothers of the Jewish nation deserve to be mentioned in it, whether they are formally considered Jewish or not.
Thank you for your grace, and as I said I will work on going back further on the time-line to include Abraham and his dealings with God. I spite of our different views, I and my ministry pray for the peace of Israel. In fact this is the singular issue that drives our politics (abortion and the gay agenda are deal breakers, but the first issue is where we start regarding the choice of our politicians, and what we think the us MUST do concerning Israel), that the US most stand with Israel.
Please forgive me if I have come across arrogant, this is not my desire. A Hebrew, a Jew, an Israelite; to me they are all terms for God’s Chosen People (it is in understanding the meanings of these terms that add insight, not change meanings).
Thank you again Michael. (My son is named Michael, meaning in the Hebrew: “Who is like God?” [literally, “Who is like El?], which is to lead to the only answer, NO ONE, which is why we can trust Him). bb
I am sharing your blog with my Precept Bible class at First Southern Baptist, Del City, OK. Thank you so much!
Thank you very much.
I love precept Bible studies, which I was involved with in the late part of the 1990, until moving to my current home in the North Texas area.
I don’t know if Kay is still leading the movement, I really enjoyed Wayne Barber.
For a few years in a row Wayne would come do a conference up in Reno, and our video ministry would video tape them and produce them for the public access network which was very large in that area.
I love the systematic approach that precept helps build regarding the discipline of truly studying God’s word in a way that no other Christian tool is available.
Unfortunately where I am at now there are no local precept Bible studies.
Perhaps there will be someday. Please pray about it.
Please fill free to use any of our material in any way shape or form you feel led of the Holy Spirit.
We count it a privilege to share the treasures that are found in the Bible as the only authoritative and inspired W’s ord of God that is necessary for the building up of faith based upon Romans 10:17, which is one of our ministerial mandates.
It is this along with the preeminence of Jesus Christ, and the exhaustive teaching of biblical faith which many believers approach very superficially, wherein tools such as precept and others expose the believer to a greater level of understanding and knowledge which allows for wisdom; wherein today there is such a short supply, especially within the body of Christ.
If I could be of any further assistance, please let me know. Your brother in Christ, Brent